- What is the goal of the CMS Emergency Preparedness Rule?
- How does it impact you as a healthcare emergency manager?
- How does the Emergency Preparedness Rule strengthen community emergency preparedness?
- What other credentialing/regulatory agencies influence healthcare emergency management? How
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The Centre for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) published the ultimate role on the necessities of emergency preparedness and Medicaid contributing earners as well as suppliers. The rule became effective on November 15, 2016, which affects 17 providers and suppliers types who participate in Medicare. The encouragement behind CMS for establishing the law was the growing trend of natural as well as human-made disasters and lack of common standards across Federal, State and local guidelines. The rule was created to establish a stable and effective nationwide emergency readiness necessities and guarantee there is sufficient scheduling for natural and manmade catastrophes. It was designed to ensure there is maximum coordination within tribal, federal, local, state, as well as regional emergency readiness methods (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), 2016).
All health care suppliers and servicers are affected by this rule, and it is mandatory for them to follow it. Therefore, emergency managers have a role to play in ensuring that the rule is effective. The managers will be required to review an institution’s plans and provide guidance on how to meet the CMS requirements that have been passed. They are required to make proper documentation to show evidence of policies, procedures, and exercises. The managers will be resources in coming up with functional plans, and coordinating efforts. Emergency preparedness rule can help strengthen community emergency preparedness as it ensures communities collaborate with other institutions to ensure professional response during emergencies. Communities can work with medical communities to strengthen emergency plans which will increase capacity and coordination.
Some few institutions are accredited by the CMS, the Federal states and the local laws. The largest healthcare certified are; URAC (Utilization Review Accreditation Commission), NCQA (National Committee for Quality Assurance), TJC (The Joint Commission), CARF (Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities), and COA (Council on Accreditation). These institutions have many accredited organizations under them which influence healthcare emergency management (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), 2016).
What is the goal of the CMS Emergency Preparedness?
The center for Medicare and Medicaid Services is a Federal agency within the U.S Department of Health and Human Services (CMS,2012). The CMS established the Emergency Preparedness Regulation for Medicare and Medicaid Participating Providers and Suppliers on September 8,2016 and the regulation effected on November 16, 2016 (CMS,2019). The main purpose of the CMS Emergency Preparedness rule was to make sufficient planning for both natural and man made disaster. Also, make coordination with federal, state, regional, local, and tribal emergency preparedness system. They also assess the health care providers to provide adequate patient, residents, and volunteers during disaster. Moreover, each providers/ suppliers are required to meet four core elements: Risk Assessment and Emergency Planning, Communication Plan, Policies and Procedures, and Training and testing.
What is the Impact of the Emergency Preparedness Rule on Healthcare Emergency Manager?
Health care provider want to be able to respond to all hazards depending on the risk assessment. CMS is very clear that the health care provider need to be able to integrate with local public health and emergency management agencies.So, The health care provider should have a plan to meet the needs of patients at the time of disaster.The clear plan will help the health care providers and facilitates the response process. Moreover, the risk assessment and planning will reduce the burden on the health care emergency manager in case of power outage, interruption in communication such as cyberattack and natural risks. The Emergency Preparedness rule will help the health care manager to reduce the waste of resources, time and efforts. So, without training, it will be difficult to implement emergency preparedness plan during disaster. If the emergency manager follow this rule and update it annually then will be able to get back up and begin serving the populations effected by disaster.
How does the Emergency Preparedness Rule Strengthening Community Emergency Preparedness?
The community emergency preparedness is the ability of the community to prepare for, with stand and recover in both short and long terms recovery.
The rule of emergency preparedness plays a strong and an important role in the community because it helps the community to reduce the risks around their homes. So, the community will be prepared with emergency supply kit and household emergency plan.
Also, they will volunteer with established organization. So, at the end with emergency preparedness rule will make the community safer, more prepared and more resilient when incidents occur. However, the health care provider should also participate in providing care to mitigate suffering. The key to effective Emergency preparedness is proper communication. It is essential to communicate what is occurring and what the plan is to community. CMS requires annual testing and update of all policies and procedures.
What other credentialing/regulatory agencies influence healthcare emergency management? How?
There are several agencies have influenced the emergency management system such as: The Joint Commission by improving the safety and quality of health care provided to the community and evaluating their performance, the Department of health and Human Services which is responsible for improving the health, safety, and well being of all Americans, and The Federal Emergency Management Agency play an essential role by activate the Federal Response plan FRP, and establish the Emergency Support Team EST. Finally, identifies the Emergency Support Functions ESFs to respond.
Emergency preparedness rule. The Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM, 32(5), 301-303. Emergency Prep Rule.pdf
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) (2017). Emergency Preparedness Rule. Retrieved
Zysk, T. (2017