Order 1125645: Factors Influencing Social Sustainable In Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In India: A Case Study Of Food Industry Of India
Small and medium-sized enterprise (SMEs) is are one of the most effective driving forces of economic stability that is useful for creating job opportunities and positively influencing the national economy. The sustainability of SME is linked with growth and opportunity that leads to long-term success in creating an effective competitive edge. Accordingly, it is cited by Chhikara & Sahay (2008) that SMEs play a strong role in promoting economic growth along with sustainable development. Economic growth leads to social development that ensures sustainability and augments quality growth. Das (2017) reported that SME sector is acknowledged across the world and is being uniformly accepted. SMEs in simple words are formally registered with government bodies and are obligated to tax payments. It is a sector that provides skills training to employees for better investment ability. It is vital to state that BRIC countries have a promising emerging market with effective economies that lead to effective turnover ranges. The size of SMEs differ as per the changing sector, and it is independent. The SMEs are usually registered with few employees and have economic stability. Comment by Christopher Smith: This seems like two separate points? Neither of which you’ve referenced here. I think you need to start this section by telling the reader where you are going. Some sore of introduction to the LR. Comment by Christopher Smith: Again this is unsubstantiated. Comment by Christopher Smith: This is a different type of sustainable development to that you’ve said before. Before you are talking about the sustainability of the SME, here you are talking about something different (economic sustainability) but its unclear exactly what sustainability you mean in this sentence. Comment by Christopher Smith: What is quality growth, is this economic growth (because you’ve already mentioned that as the driver for quality growth) Comment by Christopher Smith: I’m struggling with this bit. There doesn’t seem to be a coherent message. Just a collection of sentences, which while on their own mostly make sense. But I need you to weave a narrative here, what are the importation things you need to tell the reader to frame your research. Comment by Christopher Smith: This sentence makes no sense
It is noted that during the economic crises the SMEs acted as a key driver for growth regarding GDP. However, it is believed that in the year 2008 various challenges were faced by SMEs regarding GDP and employment aspects. In the high-income countries, the SME sectors are more developed and increase the economic aspects providing employment and industrial growth. Hosseininia & Ramezani (2016) refers SMEs to be employment multiplier mainly in the manufacturing sector and food industry. SMEs are creating a competitive environment and driving economic force that positively influences business and economy. It is argued by Kot (2018) that job creation in small sectors are less cost-effective than in large business sector because it is more capital intensive. However, large companies offer stability, compensation along with benefits that are more than the SMEs. Consequently, SMEs are innovative and provides a high share of effectiveness regarding investments. SMEs are growing and are becoming relevant regarding investors and customer approach that leads to sustainability and upliftment of the economy. It is stated by Kour (2015) that growth of the economy that is based upon innovation would be sustainable as it is linked with business activities and technological advancement.
Furthermore, it is believed by Pachouri & Sharma (2016) that SMEs usually plays a pivotal role in positively influencing the economy by creating jobs, producing augmented new services to ensure new innovate products. The private employment across the globe is more because of the increase in the SMEs sectors. It is further argued by Rakesh (2014) that SMEs are classified into two types which include stability oriented and Growth oriented. The name determines that stability oriented does not intend to growth but tends to progress the family business by providing moderate needs. On the other hand, growth-oriented SMEs are usually small in size and are effective to explore new opportunities for new opportunities and technologies. The sustainability of the SMEs is based upon various aspects which include effective sustainability policies, market environment, opportunities, and infrastructure along with the human skills. In the views of Sommer (2017) suggests national policies are effective for the growth of the SMEs as they tend to provide policies for scaling up SME funding opportunities that positive influences the macroeconomic stability regarding sustainable economic growth. The SME sector enhances the financial accessibility leading to growth regarding the global economy. Comment by Christopher Smith: Determines suggests cause and effect. I suspect this causality is reversed. Comment by Christopher Smith: Small for SMEs. I’d imagine the ones that have a focus on growth will be bigger than the ones that want a moderate and stable income for a family. Comment by Christopher Smith: I agree with this. So perhaps talk about dynamic – or risk taking? Comment by Christopher Smith: Again where are all of these assentation’s coming from? Is this your own suspicion, or do you have evidence to back it up? Comment by Christopher Smith: Here you have used 4 words, where 1 will do. You need to think about how to be concise with your language. Comment by Christopher Smith: What does this mean?
2.2. National Policies and SME development
The relevance of SMEs is being recognized globally, and it is vital to coordinate activities by setting new development goals for greater positioning and goals. It is believed by Soini & Veseli (2011) that policymakers showed positivity and increased interest towards the development of SMEs as it is noted that SME acts as a key driver for change regarding national and international growth. The effectiveness and the sustainable aspects of SMEs are huge regarding contribution. The contribution of SMEs is huge as it leads to job creation, reduction of poverty and welfare regarding adding value. This sector is creating completeness as it tends to operate business and activities through long-term sustainability in its small business development. It is ascertained that people identify Ssmall and Medium Enterprise Development Initiative (SMEDI) for offering potentiality regarding the partnership, education, and funding. The national policies are effective and are gaining relevance for linking SMEs with macro goals. There are several sectors and aspects that are impacted by SMEs which are Comment by Christopher Smith: Again is this proven, what is your evidence? Comment by Christopher Smith: You use the word sectors in a different way earlier in the document. Be consistent with language. Comment by Christopher Smith: Where do these come from?
· The quality and quantity of jobs created;
· Local and regional development and regeneration;
· Reduction of poverty and inequalities
· Business and product development targets;
· Key industry and service sectors targeted in national plans; and
· International competitiveness;
The increasing growth of SMEs is due to its value creation and employment generation to create opportunities. Contextually, it is worthy to note that SME sector is gaining popularity in every sector because of the cost advantage and skill of employees. These sectors are small in size thus the focus is on creating innovative products with effectiveness. The domestic market size is growing and is impacting the market potential so that the opportunities are created (Tewari & Pathak, 2014). The development of SMEs is dependent upon the promotional and protective policies made by the government so that the consumption is ensured. The effectiveness and development of SMEs augments the economy. It is noted in the opinion of Wiese (2014) that SMEs dominate the industrial sector in various countries and exports products for augmenting profitability. The sustainability of SMEs is based on various aspects and one of the factors that influences growth is technological growth and infrastructural aspects. It is argued by Zhou (2009) that SME is one of the biggest sectors after agriculture regarding providing employment. The contribution of SMEs in the growth of GDP is huge, and it is argued that employment generation is huge in this sector because these sectors are labor intensive. It increases the level of employment and impacts the distribution of income for adding value and ensure livelihood along with opportunities. Furthermore, the development of SMEs promotes entrepreneurship and enhances productiveness for the strong economic development. Comment by Christopher Smith: Again it is unclear what you mean by this, and again is isn’t referenced. The point of the literature review is to frame your research in the context of existing work, and show some contribution of your work. Here you are justifying your own work, but not framing it in the context of the literature. Comment by Christopher Smith: This doesn’t seem to make sense, are there not economies of scale from being big? That’s why Amazon are able to be more effective at e-tailing, than if I were to set up my own website? Comment by Christopher Smith: Which domestic market? UK? Comment by Christopher Smith: Ok, so this has been bothering me for a while now. You call SMEs a sector and I was thinking they were more like a segment, (i.e. you can segment businesses into categories based upon their size), but here you are comparing size as one dimension, with agriculture which is not dependant on size, but on what the company does. Surely being an SME and in agriculture isn’t mutually exclusive of each other. Indeed I know plenty of farmers who firmly sit in the SME category. Comment by Christopher Smith: I feel that you’ve said this many times before in different ways. None of which was hugely convincing. (cited)
2.3. Managing the Sustainable Supply Chain
The SMEs sector plays a pivotal role in managing the business for economic development and growth. In the opinion of Soini & Veseli (2011), the functioning of the supply chain can not only be measured through the effectiveness of the business but also by its changing impact upon the social system and environment. Thus, it can be determined that sustainability of the supply chain tends to increase long-term profitability without causing damage to the ecosystem or social system. Supply chain usually tends to mitigate the challenges that are faced with oversupply for creating better direction. It is opined by Kot (2018) that sustainable supply chain tends to perform effectively as long as customer wishes. It is important to understand the fact that sustainable supply chains usually balances three vital dimensions which include business, environment and social factors. Sustainable supply chain management is defined as “creating coordinated supply chains through [the] voluntary integration of environmental, social, and economic aspects with the most important interorganizational business systems; [they are] designed in order to effectively and successfully manage the flow of materials, information, and capital associated with the supply, [as well as] the production and the distribution of products and services in order to fulfill the requirements of interested subjects and the improvement in the profitability, the competitiveness, and the vulnerability of the organization in short and long-term prospect”. Comment by Christopher Smith: This doesn’t make sense. Comment by Christopher Smith: So there are two ways of putting in a reference. You are only using one, the one that needs more words. Could say:“the functioning of the supply chain can not only be measured through the effectiveness of the business but also by its changing impact upon the social system and environment (Soini and Veseli, 2011).”Not saying that is right or wrong for this particular reference, but you should use both styles, and more likely to use this one that the one you are currently using. Comment by Christopher Smith: Nope. I don’t infer this from their reference above. Just you can also take sustainability into account too. Not that is doesn’t do damage. What about an unethical mineral mining company, who supply materials to larger companies, but use damaging ways to get them? Comment by Christopher Smith: This makes no sense? Comment by Christopher Smith: This is in quotes, which means you need to provide the reference and the page number. This also would be useful to put at the front of this section, not in the middle.
The main factor of the supply chain management is that it reflects upon the importance of supply chain system on the social nature. It implies cooperating amid suppliers, stakeholder’s aspects and managers opinion for better relationship management. For the effective management of the supply chain, it is vital to have better knowledge about the industry and the changing scenarios influencing environmental aspects. Subsequently, Soini & Veseli (2011) tends to determine the scope of business and analyze upon three characteristics of the supply chain which includes operational, transformational and relational. Operational because it is about the flow of information and materials that tend to create value affecting the traditional structure concerning supply chain. Another scope is that it is transformational which reflects about the business practices regarding an economic sphere about environmental and social matters. In the opinion of Hosseininia & Ramezani (2016), relational aspects are about creating a relationship with members for effective supply chain and stakeholder value. It is worthy to note that SMEs impact the economies in several manners for creating effects for the welfare of the society. The sustainability of the supply chain impacts the business in an augmented manner so that the turnover of the business is huge. For the success of the SMEs in the market, it is vital that supply chain is implemented effectively so that the growth of the companies is augmented. For effectiveness of the supply chain, it is important that strong integration is witnessed amid suppliers, producers, customers and distributors for long-term effectiveness. It is important to share information and coordinate actions so that the absorbency of the chain is relevant for the development of new products and services. Close partnership with customers along with suppliers helps to ensure effectiveness in the process and development. The benefit and profitability of the SMEs are linked with supply chain management. SMEs sectors are usually valued for its high-quality products, lower costs, and better service delivery along with low risk which is linked with the effectiveness of the supply chain. In the opinion of Das (2017), several benefits are linked with the man to supply chain which includes market participation, improvement in the service management, reduction in the property along with ensuring the quality of the products that are developed in the SMEs. The competitiveness is huge, but through regular planning and increased profitability, SMEs is ensuring perfections in the supply chain management. Better management and proper designing of the business is linked with the supply management and operational activities. It is worthy to note that implementation of better supply chain practices helps to augment the operational activities so that the roles of the stakeholders along with the sector are improved. Integration amid the suppliers, customers are vital in the market so that SMEs can meet the competition for long-term sustainability. Proper decision making and well-coordinated strategic supply chain impacts the business and its sustainability in the long run. Comment by Christopher Smith: This doesn’t make a lot of sense, but if you mean what I think you do, then is society the most important factor for supply chain management? I doubt it? Else the supply chain would normally be very close to HQ of the company, and we’ve seen lots of outsourcing. Comment by Christopher Smith: This is a UK university, use British English, not American.
2.4 Importance of Small Business for the Country’s Economy Comment by Christopher Smith: The means singular, so are you taking one context? I assume this will be covered in the intro chapter.
According to the viewpoint of Storey (2016), it can be stated that every business organization has gravely impacted on the country’s economy. Whereas, the economic factors such as unemployment rate, GDP growth, interest, inflation rate are the major factors, which has gravely impacted on the performance of a small and medium size food providing business organization. By, it can be stated that a small and medium size business organization should take adequate initiatives to earn a large amount of revenue.
By Edmiston, (2007), It has been identified that the large business firms are depending upon the small companies because required raw materials and other resources generally provided by the small firms. However, large companies are controlling the economy of a country, but maintenance of large companies fully depends upon small companies. Apart from this, certain times small food providing companies are alliancing with big companies with the purpose of providing reasonable workforce and support. It helps large companies to perform better within the market. Through this of an organizations economy of a country is stabilizing properly, which has generally developed its work activity with the help of small companies. By this discussion mentioned above, it can be asserted that without the small company’s large firms are not operating their business properly. Based on this context it can be claimed that the economy of a country fully depends upon the small food industries, which can be considered as for the importance of small business for the country’s economy. Comment by Christopher Smith: Again the significance of this seems to be lost, where are you taking these points. Is Comment by Christopher Smith: How do you know this, is it from the literature, or just your own viewpoint? Comment by Christopher Smith: What is the small food industry? Also this is a very big claim? You keep coming back to food, is this the main context of your work, again this will be covered in the intro? But perhaps start with generic principles, then focus in on food later on in the LR.
According to the viewpoint of many research scholar, Johnson, (2018), it can be stated that the key personnel of every business organization are responsible for managing the business orientated aspects to run their business operating efficiently. In the case of small business management, they should take adequate managerial plans to accomplish their pre-determined goals. To manage the performance of a small food providing business organization, the key personnel of an organization should look after the underlined aspects: Comment by Christopher Smith: You’ve said there are many, but only cited 1? Comment by Christopher Smith: make
According to the perception of, Goodman, Bamford, and Saynor, (2016), it can be argued that an appropriate business plan is one of the essential key components of every business growth. Whereas, it helps a business organization to sustain in the competitive market scenario. In the context of, Scarborough, (2016), an appropriate business plan helps an organization to manufacture cost-effective products. Therefore, it helps them to enlarge their business profit. Comment by Christopher Smith: but earlier you were talking about how they are adapt quickly, therefore less planning than larger firms? Comment by Christopher Smith: Always helps, or can help? Comment by Christopher Smith: Is this the same as the above sentence? Or are they different, I’d argue the cost effective products doesn’t always engalrge profits (What if the produce is bad quality and sales reduce?)
Adequate Strategy Comment by Christopher Smith: What’s the difference between strategy and business plan? Also why does the strategy only have to be adequate, where the business plan appropriate?
By, Hatten, (2015), the higher authorities of a small food providing organization should take adequate strategies to maintain the internal and external environment of a business organization. Moreover, strategies help an organization to build an upright relationship with their stakeholders to improve their goodwill.
According to the viewpoint of, Schaper and et al., (2014), it can be stated that advanced technology helps an organization to accomplish their organizational objectives very easily. Moreover, it can be identified that the small food providing business organization should adopt the latest technology to manufacture innovative products, which helps to survive in the competitive market. Whereas, in the context, Burns, (2016), it can be stated that the higher authorities of a business organization should implement advanced technology in their business operation such as recruitment process, training, and development process, manufacturing process, etc. to run their business effectively. Comment by Christopher Smith: The latest tech, do they need to change this every year so it is always the latest?
By, Drucker, (2014), it can be stated that customer’s loyalty is one of the important aspects of every business success. Moreover, the higher authorities of a business organization should implement certain initiatives to get customer’s loyalty. According to the viewpoint of, Indris and Primiana, (2015), it can be identified that a business organization should provide premium quality products and services towards their target market customers to meet the customer’s expectation level, which helps an organization to gain their customer’s loyalty. Comment by Christopher Smith: This is talking about quality, not loyalty?
According to the viewpoint of, Brunswicker and Vanhaverbeke, (2015), it can be stated that employee loyalty has gravely impacted on the performance of a business organization. Moreover, the top-level management of a small and medium size food providing companies should take certain employee motivational plans to get employee’s loyalty. By above discussion, it can be stated that the small food company should focus on the rice mills contraction because of rice is the main food of Indian. Moreover, it is an adequate decision for the small food company owner to start their business in this field.
2.6 Internal and External Environment Analysis
According to the viewpoint of, Scuotto and et al., (2017), SWOT analysis is one of the upright tools, which helps an organization to analyze their internal organizational environment. Hence, it helps the higher authorities of an organization to take adequate initiatives to accomplish their organizational goals. By, Johnson, (2015), it can be stated that the small and medium-sized food providing business organization should provide premium quality products towards their target market customers to satisfy their customers in an upright manner. On the other hand, the higher authorities should take upright pricing policies to market their products in the operating market of India. According to the viewpoint of, Park and Ghauri, (2015), it can be stated that an upright pricing policy of a small business organization has gravely impacted on their business revenue as well as their organizational performance. Moreover, it can be identified that the upright organizational environment is one of the strengths of a small business organization. Therefore, every small business organization has followed the simple vertical organizational structure to run their business, which can be considered one of the strengths of a small food providing business organization. According to the viewpoint of, Brunswicker and Vanhaverbeke, (2015), it can be argued that the government support is considered as one of the opportunities of a small food providing business enterprise. On the other hand, it can be argued that the increasing numbers of competitors, economic and political instability are the major threat factors of a small business organization. Comment by Christopher Smith: OK,. If this is for your MSc research dissertation, I think we need to be aiming higher than SWAT and PESTEL analysis. I hope this goes somewhere else? Comment by Christopher Smith: What do you mean by upright manner? Comment by Christopher Smith: A few issues here, one you keep flitting between food and generic in your talkings. You need to better manage this aspect of writing. Second I don’t know exactly what you mean by an upright manner, is this bottom up pricing? So see what it costs and then work backwards to see what you charge? I’d thought people price according to the market? Third, every small business does this Every how do you know this for sure?
According to the perception of, Indris and Primiana, (2015), it can be stated that PEST is an analytical tool, which helps a business organization to analyze their external environment to take appropriate decision to resolve the external issues efficiently. In the context, Johnson, (2015), it can be determined that the government regulations, policies have gravely affected the organizational performance of a small business organization. Moreover, change in the government legislation has also impacted the performance of a small business enterprise. According to the viewpoint of, Indris and Primiana, (2015), it can be stated that taxation policies of India, change in the taxation policies may affect the business of a small enterprise. Moreover, the inflation rate, economic instability, unemployment rate, interest rate, GDP growth and FDI growth are the most important economic factor that gravely impacted the business operation. By, Drucker, (2014), the higher authorities of a small business organization should focus on their product’s quality, because nowadays everybody is health conscious. Hence, the higher authorities should try to provide healthy hygienic products towards their target market customers to satisfy their increasing needs. In the context of, Storey, (2016), it can be asserted that the technology is one of the vital elements of every business organization, which helps an organization try to manufacture premium quality products towards their target market customers. Moreover, advanced technology helps an organization to deliver the right number of products at the right place. Hence, a small business organization should use advanced upright technology in their manufacturing units to innovate their products as per the demand of the customers. Similarly, it can also be argued that a small business organization should use an appropriate e-commerce channel to attract large numbers of customers towards their products. Hence, it has gravely impacted on the business revenue. Comment by Christopher Smith: You use this a few times, do you mean management? Comment by Christopher Smith: Quality and healthy, these are not the same thing. A Wagyu steak is probably considered a very high quality product, but it may not be as healthy as a tofu steak? Same with expensive bottle of Champaign and a bottle of water. Comment by Christopher Smith: Is this just a new market trend? Again I don’t know where you are going with this. It might be perfectly sensible to talk about this, but I think this is why you need to have an introduction to the LR. Comment by Christopher Smith: So we are back to technology. But this is external analysis?
According to the viewpoint of, Indris and Primiana, (2015), every business organization should take certain adequate strategies to compete with their competitors as well as to sustain in the competitive market scenario.
A business plan is considered as the blueprint of every business organization. According to the viewpoint, Indris, and Primiana, (2015), every business organization needs to prepare an adequate business plan including financial budgets, manufacturing process, feasibility studies. It helps a small food providing organization to sustain in the competitive market effectively.
Sufficient amount of capital is one of the essential elements of every business success. According to the viewpoint of, Storey, (2016), investors of every business organization should invest a large amount of money to run their business effectively.
Market research is essential for determining the actual market demand for the products and services. In the context of, Storey, (2016), it can be stated that a small business organization should organize a market research programme to determine the actual market demands regarding their products. Moreover, appropriate market research helps an organization to determine the position of the competitors in the market, which helps them to take an upright decision to compete with the competitors in a stipulated gesture.
Quality is highly impacted on the business success. By, Schaper and et al., (2014), a small food providing company must provide premium quality products towards their target market customers to accomplish their expectation level. The higher authorities of a small business organization need to look after their production procedure and also try to provide hygienic products towards their customers at reasonable price rate to sustain in the competitive market.
According to the perception of, Brunswicker and Vanhaverbeke, (2015), it can be argued that the skilled resources can be considered as the building block of an organization. Skilled employees have that kind of ability to manage all the organizational conflicts appropriately. On the other hand, in the context of, Burns, (2016), the higher authorities of every small business organization should conduct a training and development programme for their employee to enhance their skills and knowledge, which helps an organization to accomplish their organizational goals without any interference of the barriers.
As per Schaper & et al. (2014), working environment has gravely impacted on the organizational success. Moreover, it is the prime responsibility of the key personnel of a small food business organization to maintain the work environment. An upright healthy and friendly atmosphere helps an organization to get employee loyalty as well as to improve their brand image towards their other stakeholders.
Fig.1: Conceptual Framework of Sustainability Factors
(Source: Author) Comment by Christopher Smith: I’ve comments in italics at the end of the document for almost all of the rest of this.
By above figure, it can be identified that there are several factors which have gravely impacted on the organizational sustainability. An appropriate business plan, sufficient budget is essential for every organization to run their business properly. Whereas, appropriate market research is required for every small business organization to determine the actual market demand. On the other hand, quality products, skilled employees, and appropriate work environment are essential for every business organization, which helps an organization to sustain in the competitive market environment.
Based on the discussion above, it has been identified that the particular research project has an upright aim to determine the factors, which has gravely impacted the sustainability of a small and medium-sized business organization. This portion of the particular research project has also deliberated internal and external business environment appropriately. Moreover, organizational location, upright managerial power has also positively impacted on the sustainability of a business organization, which is not deliberated here properly. Hence, it can be considered as the literature gap of this particular research project. Comment by Christopher Smith: Gravely impacted would be a bad thing. Large negative impact. Perhaps a sad outcome.Global warming has gravely impacted the great barrier reef in Australia.
Based on the discussion mentioned above, it can be stated that small and medium-size business organization plays an upright role in a country’s economic growth. Moreover, it has gravely impacted on the economy of a country by providing an opportunity of jobs towards the unemployed countrymen. Moreover, it can also be identified that key personnel of every business organization are responsible for managing the business orientated aspects to run their business operation efficiently. An appropriate business plan, strategies, technology, skilled employee, customers are required for every small and medium-sized business enterprise to manage their organizational performance. In this section, it has also been discussed about the internal and external market environment, which helps the higher authorities of a small-medium size food providing business organization to take adequate initiatives to mitigate internal and external market environment. Grounded on the different aspect, it can be concluded that an appropriate business plan, sufficient monetary budget is primarily required for every business organization to run their business properly. Moreover, appropriate market research is required for every business organization to understand the actual market demand. It can also be stated that the higher authorities of a small and medium size business organization should look after their products quality to satisfy their target market customers. Moreover, the skilled employees, friendly and healthy work environment is the key element of every business success, which helps an organization to sustain in the competitive market scenario.
There is some good stuff in here, but you still have more work to do to further refine it. I don’t think the structure is helping you at the moment, nor have you helped in the way the conceptual framework is presented/developed.
Firstly how did you develop the framework, how did you decide what went in and what didn’t? At the moment it seems like you just decided what you thought was importaint, then added them in.
Second, you need to be upfront with the reader with what you are doing so an introduction saying you are reviewing the literature to understand what the key drivers for … are. Then you will test these (somehow***) later in the document.
Third your structure is all over the place: So I’d introduce SMEs – what are they. Say how they are a driver for growth and show why the area is importain in the literature.
Then you could narrow to food if you wanted. You’ve got some stuff about supply chain in there, I don’t know why.
Then move on to say you are developing a conceptual framework, her eyou need to explain how you developed this, what was your meth. At the moment, I feel like you’ve just made it up, rather than be guided by the literature (or something else).
There needs to be clear follow through with what you are doing, you identify 11 things in this chapter in bold. Also talk about SWOT and PESTAL, but your framework in the figure only has 6. Why did you define these if not using them? Also what does the figure actually mean? Is it the sustainblity of the SME, or environment.
Normally I let the student have a day to read this and think about it, then if they want a meeting to go through it we arrange for a say or so later. Let me know how you wish to proceed.
*** have you worked out how you will test this conceptual framework?