Managerial Finance Cost Capital
Adams, Incorporated would like to add a new line of business to its existing retail
business. The new line of business will be the manufacturing and distribution of animal
feeds. This is a major capital project. Adams, Incorporated is aware you an in an MBA
program and would like you to help analysis the viability of this major business venture
based on the following information:
The production line would be set up in an empty lot the company owns.
The machinery’s invoice price would be approximately $200,000, another
$10,000 in shipping charges would be required, and it would cost an additional
$30,000 to install the equipment.
The machinery has useful life of 4 years, and it is a MACRS 3-year asset.
The machinery is expected to have a salvage value of $25,000 after 4 years of
This new line of business will generate incremental sales of 1,250 units per year
for 4 years at an incremental cost of $100 per unit in the first year, excluding
depreciation. Each unit can be sold for $200 in the first year. The sales price
and cost are expected to increase by 3% per year due to inflation.
Net working capital would have to increase by an amount equal to 12% of sales
revenues. The firm’s tax rate is 40%, and its overall weighted average cost of
capital is 10%.
1. If the company spent $40,000 last year in the upkeep of the empty lot, should this
cost be included in the analysis? Why or why not?
2. Disregard the assumptions in part 1 above. What is the machinery’s depreciable
basis? What are the annual depreciation expenses?
3. Calculate the annual sales revenues and costs (other than depreciation).
4. Construct annual incremental operating cash flow statements.
5. Estimate the required net working capital for each year based on sales for the
following year. Working capital will be recovered at the end of year 4.
6. Calculate the after-tax salvage cash flow.
7. Calculate the net cash flows for each year. Based on these cash flows, what are
the project’s NPV, IRR, Profitability Index (PI), and payback?
8. Can you use the Payback method to decide whether this is a good project or
not? Why or why not?
9. Interpret what NPV, IRR, and Profitability Index (PI) mean. Based on your
interpretation, do these indicators suggest the new business line should be