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Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN 

says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/

A: How can water help climate change?

B: Will this help or hurt the availability of water worldwide?

C: Does this also help the energy situation?

D:What other environmental issues can this benefit?

Answer all questions after reading the article.

2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/ 1/18

Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says by Megan Rowling (/pro�le/?id=003D0000017fbQ8IAI) | @meganrowling (http://www.twitter.com/@meganrowling) | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Sunday, 22 March 2020 00:01 GMT

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/ 2/18

With water use rising by 1% a year, cutting down could help curb climate-heating emissions, says World Water Day report

By Megan Rowling

BARCELONA, March 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Using water

more e�ciently in everything from daily life to agriculture and industry

would help reduce planet-warming emissions and curb climate change – a

potential bene�t that has yet to be widely recognised, the United

Nations said on Sunday.

In a report issued on World Water Day (https://en.unesco.org/themes/water-security/wwap/wwdr/2020), U.N. agencies said global warming would “a�ect the availability, quality

and quantity of water for basic human needs”, threatening the right to

water and sanitation for “potentially billions of people”.

But as well as using limited supplies more wisely and fairly, policymakers

and businesses should also seek to manage water resources better to

economise on the electricity and fuel needed to pump, clean and deliver

water, the report said.

“If you save water, you’re saving energy and reducing the greenhouse

gases to produce that energy to bring the water,” said Richard Connor,

the report’s editor.

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/ 3/18

Using less energy cuts down further on the water needed to produce

electricity, creating a virtuous circle, he said.

Even more water can be saved by switching to less-thirsty clean power

sources like wind instead of fossil fuels, he added.

Water use has increased six-fold over the past century and is rising by

about 1% a year, said the United Nations World Water Development

Report 2020.

It outlined ways water could be used and recycled more e�ectively to

limit emissions, alongside looking after nature.

Restoring and protecting wetlands, for example, is of “critical

importance” because they store twice as much carbon as forests, while

also preventing �oods, purifying water and providing a habitat for

animals and birds, the report said.

Conservation agriculture – a green farming approach that causes minimal

disturbance to the soil – also helps reduce carbon emissions and the huge

amounts of water needed for crop irrigation in intensive farming

systems.

Treating more wastewater would also make a big di�erence, said the

report, noting 80%-90% of wastewater is discharged to the environment

without any form of treatment.

Untreated wastewater is a major source of methane, a powerful

greenhouse gas, while wastewater treatment accounts for an estimated

3%-7% of all emissions, due to the energy and biochemicals required for

the process.

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/ 4/18

The best solution, the report said, is to invest in modern techniques that

extract methane from organic matter in wastewater and use this biogas

to generate the energy needed to treat the water – a method already

used in some water-scarce countries like Jordan, Mexico, Peru and

Thailand.

As a result, public utilities there have reduced carbon emissions by

thousands of tonnes, while making �nancial savings and providing a

higher-quality service, it added.

POLICY ‘DISCONNECT’

One of the main barriers to these types of approaches is a lack of

cooperation between government o�cials working on climate change

and those tasked with managing water.

“The disconnect remains abundantly clear at the policy level,” said

Connor.

For example, the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change does not

mention water, the U.N. report noted.

The national climate action plans submitted by countries under that pact

generally acknowledge the importance of water, but few have so far

presented and costed speci�c projects, it added.

“When it comes time to move from talk to action – be it �nance or

otherwise – the talk falls on deaf ears and water gets put aside and … left

behind,” said Connor.

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/ 5/18

More concrete e�orts to adapt to rising water stress and cut emissions

from water use will require joint planning between climate change and

water specialists, as well as greater investment to put them into practice,

the report said.

Water management, water supply and sanitation services are under-

funded, it added – but by tackling global warming as well as water

challenges, projects could aim to capture a larger share of climate

�nance.

In 2016, only 2.6% of $455 billion invested in climate change measures

was allocated to water management, it noted.

That may be starting to change. In the past four years, the Green Climate

Fund, for example, has approved two projects in Sri Lanka to upgrade

village irrigation systems, protect water catchments, and promote

climate-smart farming practices.

“Water does not need to be a problem – it can be part of the solution,”

said Audrey Azoulay, director-general of the United Nations Educational,

Scienti�c and Cultural Organization.

(Reporting by Megan Rowling @meganrowling; editing by Laurie

Goering. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable

arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers the lives of people around the

world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Visit

http://news.trust.org/climate)

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recovery by Megan Rowling (/pro�le/?id=003D0000017fbQ8IAI) | @meganrowling (http://www.twitter.com/@meganrowling) | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Monday, 27 April 2020 20:56 GMT

O�cials from 30 countries discuss how to tackle climate change and inequality when the world bounces back from COVID-19

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

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Coronavirus is changing the world in unprecedented ways. Subscribe here (https://nam02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/? url=https%3A%2F%2Fsurveys.trust.org%2Fs3%2FCoronavirus-daily- brie�ng&data=02%7C01%7CSonia.Elks%40thomsonreuters.com%7C47 a daily brie�ng on how this global crisis is a�ecting cities, technology,

approaches to climate change, and the lives of vulnerable people.

By Megan Rowling

BARCELONA, April 27 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Government

e�orts to help economies recover from the coronavirus pandemic could

also tackle inequality and climate change through investment in energy-

smart buildings, electric vehicles and other green measures, o�cials and

economists said on Monday.

As 30 nations joined a two-day virtual climate dialogue (https://www.bmu.de/en/petersberg-climate-dialogue-xi/), co- chaired by Germany and Britain, policy makers stressed that spending to

head o� a global depression due to COVID-19 shutdowns should not

restart growth built on planet-heating fossil fuels.

“The climate crisis has not disappeared just because we are currently

focusing on another acute crisis,” said German Environment Minister

Svenja Schulze.

The coronavirus outbreak had helped many around the world

understand what it was like to live through a major crisis, she told

journalists.

“I believe that in the future people will be more willing to do something

against the long-term environmental crisis that we will be faced with, if

we don’t act,” she added.

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

https://news.trust.org/item/20200321232256-3howt/ 11/18

The world may not yet have a vaccine for COVID-19 but it knows how to

stave o� climate change, she said.

Measures such as shifting to renewable, clean wind and solar power are

“available, a�ordable and they make our lives better”, she noted.

Coronavirus: our latest stories (https://nam02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/? url=https%3A%2F%2Fnews.trust.org%2Fcoronavirus%2F&data=02%7

The German government said the Petersberg Climate Dialogue would

focus on how to organise a green economic recovery after the

emergency phase of the coronavirus pandemic.

The dialogue would also look at how countries could push forward with

climate change action despite the postponement of the COP26 U.N.

conference until 2021, German o�cials said.

As the dialogue got underway on Monday, ministers from Europe, Asia,

Africa and Latin America emphasised in recorded video statements the

need for cooperation between countries in dealing both with the

coronavirus pandemic and a warming planet.

Some also stressed the need to support the most vulnerable countries

and communities, whose poverty puts them most at risk from health and

climate threats.

“The COVID-19 crisis has further exposed the unacceptable levels of

inequality in our societies, and we need to work even harder to level the

playing �eld,” said Rwandan Environment Minister Jeanne d’Arc

Mujawamariya.

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2020/4/27 Water is an under-used weapon in climate change fight, UN says

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“But we must resist the temptation to revert to or ramp up polluting

industries as part of a plan to create jobs,” she added.

‘JOBS OF THE FUTURE’

Eminent British economist Nicholas Stern said the �rst priority for

governments should be to protect employment and prevent massive job

losses as businesses large and small struggle to cope with weeks of

closure.

But as economies begin to move towards recovery – perhaps through the

summer and autumn – it would be time to shift to supporting the “jobs of

the future”, while encouraging carbon-heavy energy and airline

companies to adopt cleaner ways of operating, he said.

“There is so much we can do on energy e�ciency, building electric road

and rail programmes and infrastructure, redesigning our cities, looking

after … our forests and our land,” said the London School of Economics

professor.

“There is so much we can do quickly.”

Businesses based on fossil-fuel use – from oil extraction to petrol cars –

will not provide secure or cost-e�ective jobs if governments stick to the

Paris Agreement goal to cut carbon emissions to net-zero by mid-

century, he added.

Global carbon emissions from fossil fuels and industry are likely to fall 4-11% this year (https://climateactiontracker.org/publications/addressing-the-

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climate-and-post-covid-19-economic-crises/) as a result of economic damage from the pandemic, scientists working on the Climate Action

Tracker project calculated in an analysis released Monday.

They said emissions might drop in 2021 as well.

But they warned that if governments do not roll out low-carbon

development strategies – or if they fail to implement existing climate

policies – in the face of the coming downturn, emissions could rebound

and even exceed previous projections by 2030, despite lower economic

growth in the coming decade.

Sharan Burrow, general secretary of the International Trade Union

Confederation, said that in a post-pandemic world, it would be essential

to aim for growth that is sustainable and incorporates workers who have

been left out by globalisation.

She called for a new integrated economic approach with climate change

action and social protection for the �nancially vulnerable at its centre,

including a global fund to support the poor.

“If we don’t do this now… then when the next crisis hits – and it’s most

likely more climate devastation – then that resilience is simply not there,”

she said.

(Reporting by Megan Rowling @meganrowling; editing by Laurie

Goering. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable

arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers the lives of people around the

world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Visit

http://news.trust.org/climate)

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