Discussion Reply- Response 1-2 Paragraphs With 1-2 References

Discussion Reply- Response 1-2 Paragraphs With 1-2 References

When responding to your peers, provide your own evaluation of the policies discussed in their posts. Respectfully agree or disagree with your peers’ evaluations. What suggestions for improving the policies can you add? What suggestions provided by your peers do you see as the most valuable?

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Discussion: 

President John F. Kennedy once stated “children are the world’s most valuable resource and its best hope for the future” (JFK Library, N.D.).  Children are very important to our society and our world, and an important vulnerable population to discuss.  A healthcare concern both nationally and globally for children is HIV.

In 2018, there were over 37,000 new cases of HIV diagnosed in the United States, and 21% of those cases were youth aged thirteen to twenty-four (CDC, 2020).  In comparison to adults with HIV, youth have the lowest rates of viral suppression and less than half received care related to HIV (CDC, 2020).  Transmission for children and youth occurs from different sources including unprotected sexual contact, perinatal exposure, injectable drug use and transmission through hemophilia and blood transfusion treatments (CDC, 2020).  One hundred and forty nine deaths of young people were due to HIV in 2017 (CDC, 2020).

There are still many challenges related to prevention and education for children and youth related to HIV.  Health-related behaviors such as underage drinking and substance use and low rates of condom use, lead to youth engaging in unprotected sex when under the influence of alcohol and drugs (CDC, 2020).  There are socioeconomic factors as well for children and youth with HIV, as teenagers infected are more likely than older adults to live in households with lower income levels and less access to healthcare (CDC, 2020).  Lower rates of pre-exposure prophylaxis and testing occur with children and youth due to cost, access and continued stigma and misperceptions regarding HIV (CDC, 2020).

The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program was developed in 1990 and is administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration and the HIV/AIDs Bureau (HRSA, 2019).  The program assists in providing comprehensive HIV medical care, prescriptions for low-income people, and provides support services, as well as, provides funding for grants to states and local community based public health centers to provide increased health outcomes and assist in reducing the risk of transmission of HIV (HRSA, 2019).  More than half of children diagnosed with HIV in the United States receive services through the Ryan White program annually (HRSA, 2019).

The passing of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 assisted parents of children with pre-existing conditions, including HIV, from being denied insurance coverage (CDC, 2020).  Another benefit to the Affordable Care Act is that insurance companies cannot have lifetime caps on insurance benefits which allows children diagnosed with HIV to receive insurance coverage for healthcare and prescriptions without worrying that the benefit will expire in their lifetime (CDC, 2020). With programs like the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program and the Affordable Care Act, great strides are being made in prevention and treatment of HIV for children and youth worldwide.  More work needs to be done however as new cases of HIV are diagnosed in children daily in the United States and globally (CDC, 2020).

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Graduate Discussion Rubric

Overview

Your active participation in the discussions is essential to your overall success this term. Discussion questions will help you make meaningful connections between the course content and the larger concepts of the course. These discussions give you a chance to express your own thoughts, ask questions, and gain insight from your peers and instructor.

Directions

For each discussion, you must create one initial post and follow up with at least two response posts. For your initial post, do the following:

 Write a post of 1 to 2 paragraphs.

 In Module One, complete your initial post by Thursday at 11:59 p.m. Eastern.

 In Modules Two through Ten, complete your initial post by Thursday at 11:59 p.m. of your local time zone.

 Consider content from other parts of the course where appropriate. Use proper citation methods for your discipline when referencing scholarly or popular sources.

For your response posts, do the following:

 Reply to at least two classmates outside of your own initial post thread.

 In Module One, complete your two response posts by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. Eastern.

 In Modules Two through Ten, complete your two response posts by Sunday at 11:59 p.m. of your local time zone.

 Demonstrate more depth and thought than saying things like “I agree” or “You are wrong.” Guidance is provided for you in the discussion prompt.

Rubric

Critical Elements Exemplary Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Value

Comprehension Develops an initial post with an organized, clear point of view or idea using rich and significant detail (100%)

Develops an initial post with a point of view or idea using appropriate detail (90%)

Develops an initial post with a point of view or idea but with some gaps in organization and detail (70%)

Does not develop an initial post with an organized point of view or idea (0%)

20

Timeliness N/A Submits initial post on time (100%)

Submits initial post one day late (70%)

Submits initial post two or more days late (0%)

10

Engagement Provides relevant and meaningful response posts with clarifying explanation and detail (100%)

Provides relevant response posts with some explanation and detail (90%)

Provides somewhat relevant response posts with some explanation and detail (70%)

Provides response posts that are generic with little explanation or detail (0%)

20

 

 

 

Critical Elements Exemplary Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Value

Critical Thinking Draws insightful conclusions that are thoroughly defended with evidence and examples (100%)

Draws informed conclusions that are justified with evidence (90%)

Draws logical conclusions (70%) Does not draw logical conclusions (0%)

30

Writing (Mechanics) Initial post and responses are easily understood, clear, and concise using proper citation methods where applicable with no errors in citations (100%)

Initial post and responses are easily understood using proper citation methods where applicable with few errors in citations (90%)

Initial post and responses are understandable using proper citation methods where applicable with a number of errors in citations (70%)

Initial post and responses are not understandable and do not use proper citation methods where applicable (0%)

20

Total 100%