Discussion-3

Discussion-3

After reading chapter-4,5,6 from the attached text book write one or two pages what you thought was the most important concept/concepts, method/methods and or any other thing that you felt was worthy of your understanding.  After that answer the below questions. Total assignment should be 3 pages.

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1. The PMI “Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct” provides guidelines for ethical behavior by project management practitioners. It describes four main values that should guide a project manager’s actions. List these four values and give one example per value of why it should guide a project manager’s actions.

2. Cultural patterns differ in various parts of the world, so project team members need to be more sensitive as to how their actions are interpreted. Project managers working with global and virtual project teams need to be especially mindful of the increased need for communications.  Discuss some of the extra communications challenges posed by virtual and global project teams, along with a few approaches to address these challenges.

3. Imagine you are the project manager of a team tasked with building a new hotel.  When brainstorming project communication plan considerations, what would you list under “purposes”?

Contemporary Project Management

Timothy J. Kloppenborg •

Vittal Anantatmula •

Kathryn N. Wells

F O U R T H E D I T I O N

Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203

 

 

MS Project 2016 Instructions in Contemporary Project Management 4e

Chapter MS Project

3 MS Project 2016 Introduction

Ribbon, Quick Access Toolbar, view panes, Zoom Slider, Shortcuts, Scheduling Mode Selector

Setting Up Your First Project

Auto schedule, start date, identifying information, summary row

Create Milestone Schedule

Key milestones, zero duration, must finish on, information

7 Set Up a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

Understand the WBS definitions and displays

Enter WBS Elements (tasks), Create the outline,

Insert WBS Code Identifier column, Hide or show subtasks detail

8 Using MS Project for Critical Path Schedules

Set Up the Project Schedule

Set or update the project start date, Define organization’s working and nonworking time

Build the Network Diagram and Identify the Critical Path

Enter tasks and milestones, edit the timescale, understand and define task dependencies, assign task duration estimates, identify the critical path, understand the network diagram view

Display and Print Schedules

9 Define Resources

Resource views, max units, resource calendars

Assigning Resources

Basic assignment, modify an assignment

Identify Overallocated Resources

Resource usage and Detailed Gantt views together

Overallocated Resources

Finding overallocated resources, dealing with overallocations

Crashing a Critical Path Activity

10 Develop Bottom-up Project Budget

Assignment costs, task costs, various cost perspectives

Develop Summary Project Budget

12 Baseline the Project Plan

First time baseline, subsequent baselines, viewing variances

14 Using MS Project to Monitor and Control Projects

What Makes a Schedule Useful?

How MS Project recalculates based on reported actuals, current and future impacts of variances, define the performance update process (who, what, when)

Steps to Update the Project Schedule

Acquire performance data, set and display status date, Enter duration-based performance data, reschedule remaining work, revise future estimates

15 Close Project

Creating project progress reports, sharing reports, export a report to MS Excel, archive project work, capture and publish lessons learned

Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

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PMBOK® Guide 6e Coverage in Contemporary Project Management 4e The numbers refer to the text page where the process is defined. Project management (PM) processes and knowledge areas 10–11 Project life cycle 7–10, 62–64 Projects and strategic planning 33–37 Organizational influences 102–110 Portfolio and program management 37–42

PMBOK® Guide, 6th ed. Coverage

Knowledge Areas

Initiating Process Group Planning Process Group

Executing Process Group

Monitoring & Controlling Process Group

Closing Process Group

Project Integration Management

Develop Project Charter 60–79

Develop Project Management Plan 409–410

Direct and Manage Project Work 459–460 Manage Project Knowledge 192–193, 504–508

Monitor and Control Project Work 460–462 Perform Integrated Change Control 229–232, 462–463

Close Project or Phase 503, 508–511

Project Scope Management

Plan Scope Management 211–212 Collect Requirements 212–216 Define Scope 216–220 Create WBS 220–229

Validate Scope 500–501 Control Scope 475–476

Project Schedule Management

Plan Schedule Management 246 Define Activities 249–253 Sequence Activities 253–255 Estimate Activity Durations 255–258 Develop Schedule 259–267

Control Schedule 476–480

Project Cost Management

Plan Cost Management 329–330 Estimate Costs 330–341 Determine Budget 342–344

Control Costs 345, 476–480

Project Quality Management

Plan Quality Management 401–404 Manage Quality 404–406, 469–474

Control Quality 406–409, 469–474

Project Resources Management

Plan Resource Management 290–295 Estimate Activity Resources 290

Aquire Resources 138–141 Develop Team 141–157 Manage Team 157–161

Control Resources 476

Project Com- munications Management

Plan Communications Management 188–192

Manage Communications 193–199, 465–467

Monitor Communications 467–468

Project Risk Management

Plan Risk Management 360–366 Identify Risks 75, 366–368 Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis 75, 368–372 Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis 372–373 Plan Risk Responses 75, 373–377

Implement Risk Responses 464–465

Monitor Risks 463–464

Project Procurement Management

Plan Procurement Management 431–433, 438–441

Conduct Procurements 434–438

Control Procurments 441

Project Stake- holder Management

Identify Stakehold- ers 75–77, 178–184

Plan Stakeholder Engagement 184–186 Manage Stakeholder Engagement 187–188

Monitor Stakeholder Engagement 188

Source: Adapted from A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), 6th ed. (Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute, Inc., 2017): 31.

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Contemporary Project Management ORGANIZE LEAD PLAN PERFORM

FOURTH EDITION

TIMOTHY J. KLOPPENBORG Xavier University

VITTAL ANANTATMULA Western Carolina University

KATHRYN N. WELLS Keller Williams Real Estate

Australia • Brazil • Mexico • Singapore • United Kingdom • United States

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This is an electronic version of the print textbook. Due to electronic rights restrictions, some third party content may be suppressed. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. The publisher reserves the right to remove content from this title at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. For valuable information on pricing, previous editions, changes to current editions, and alternate formats, please visit www.cengage.com/highered to search by ISBN#, author, title, or keyword for materials in your areas of interest.

Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the eBook version.

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Contemporary Project Management, Fourth Edition

Timothy J. Kloppenborg

2019 2015

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Printed in the United States of America Print Number: 01 Print Year: 2017

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MS Project 2016 Instructions in Contemporary Project Management 4e

Chapter MS Project

3 MS Project 2016 Introduction

Ribbon, Quick Access Toolbar, view panes, Zoom Slider, Shortcuts, Scheduling Mode Selector

Setting Up Your First Project

Auto schedule, start date, identifying information, summary row

Create Milestone Schedule

Key milestones, zero duration, must finish on, information

7 Set Up a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

Understand the WBS definitions and displays

Enter WBS Elements (tasks), Create the outline,

Insert WBS Code Identifier column, Hide or show subtasks detail

8 Using MS Project for Critical Path Schedules

Set Up the Project Schedule

Set or update the project start date, Define organization’s working and nonworking time

Build the Network Diagram and Identify the Critical Path

Enter tasks and milestones, edit the timescale, understand and define task dependencies, assign task duration estimates, identify the critical path, understand the network diagram view

Display and Print Schedules

9 Define Resources

Resource views, max units, resource calendars

Assigning Resources

Basic assignment, modify an assignment

Identify Overallocated Resources

Resource usage and Detailed Gantt views together

Overallocated Resources

Finding overallocated resources, dealing with overallocations

Crashing a Critical Path Activity

10 Develop Bottom-up Project Budget

Assignment costs, task costs, various cost perspectives

Develop Summary Project Budget

12 Baseline the Project Plan

First time baseline, subsequent baselines, viewing variances

14 Using MS Project to Monitor and Control Projects

What Makes a Schedule Useful?

How MS Project recalculates based on reported actuals, current and future impacts of variances, define the performance update process (who, what, when)

Steps to Update the Project Schedule

Acquire performance data, set and display status date, Enter duration-based performance data, reschedule remaining work, revise future estimates

15 Close Project

Creating project progress reports, sharing reports, export a report to MS Excel, archive project work, capture and publish lessons learned

Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

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PMBOK® Guide 6e Coverage in Contemporary Project Management 4e The numbers refer to the text page where the process is defined. Project management (PM) processes and knowledge areas 10–11 Project life cycle 7–10, 62–64 Projects and strategic planning 33–37 Organizational influences 102–110 Portfolio and program management 37–42

PMBOK® Guide, 6th ed. Coverage

Knowledge Areas

Initiating Process Group Planning Process Group

Executing Process Group

Monitoring & Controlling Process Group

Closing Process Group

Project Integration Management

Develop Project Charter 60–79

Develop Project Management Plan 409–410

Direct and Manage Project Work 459–460 Manage Project Knowledge 192–193, 504–508

Monitor and Control Project Work 460–462 Perform Integrated Change Control 229–232, 462–463

Close Project or Phase 503, 508–511

Project Scope Management

Plan Scope Management 211–212 Collect Requirements 212–216 Define Scope 216–220 Create WBS 220–229

Validate Scope 500–501 Control Scope 475–476

Project Schedule Management

Plan Schedule Management 246 Define Activities 249–253 Sequence Activities 253–255 Estimate Activity Durations 255–258 Develop Schedule 259–267

Control Schedule 476–480

Project Cost Management

Plan Cost Management 329–330 Estimate Costs 330–341 Determine Budget 342–344

Control Costs 345, 476–480

Project Quality Management

Plan Quality Management 401–404 Manage Quality 404–406, 469–474

Control Quality 406–409, 469–474

Project Resources Management

Plan Resource Management 290–295 Estimate Activity Resources 290

Aquire Resources 138–141 Develop Team 141–157 Manage Team 157–161

Control Resources 476

Project Com- munications Management

Plan Communications Management 188–192

Manage Communications 193–199, 465–467

Monitor Communications 467–468

Project Risk Management

Plan Risk Management 360–366 Identify Risks 75, 366–368 Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis 75, 368–372 Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis 372–373 Plan Risk Responses 75, 373–377

Implement Risk Responses 464–465

Monitor Risks 463–464

Project Procurement Management

Plan Procurement Management 431–433, 438–441

Conduct Procurements 434–438

Control Procurments 441

Project Stake- holder Management

Identify Stakehold- ers 75–77, 178–184

Plan Stakeholder Engagement 184–186 Manage Stakeholder Engagement 187–188

Monitor Stakeholder Engagement 188

Source: Adapted from A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), 6th ed. (Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute, Inc., 2017): 31.

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Brief Contents

Preface xx About the Authors xxix

PART 1 Organizing Projects 1 Introduction to Project Management 2

2 Project Selection and Prioritization 32

3 Chartering Projects 60

PART 2 Leading Projects 4 Organizational Capability: Structure, Culture, and Roles 100

5 Leading and Managing Project Teams 136

6 Stakeholder Analysis and Communication Planning 176

PART 3 Planning Projects 7 Scope Planning 210

8 Scheduling Projects 244

9 Resourcing Projects 286

10 Budgeting Projects 328

11 Project Risk Planning 358

12 Project Quality Planning and Project Kickoff 386

PART 4 Performing Projects 13 Project Supply Chain Management 426

14 Determining Project Progress and Results 456

15 Finishing the Project and Realizing the Benefits 498

Appendix A PMP and CAPM Exam Prep Suggestions 522 Appendix B Agile Differences Covered 527 Appendix C Answers to Selected Exercises 532 Appendix D Project Deliverables 537 Appendix E Strengths Themes As Used in Project Management [Available Online]

Index 539

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Requirements Documents

13.1 Identify Stakeholders

Stakeholder

Register Stakeholder Engagement

Assessment Matrix

Integration

Scope

Schedule

Cost

Quality

Resources

Communication

Risk

Procurement

Stakeholders

12.1 Plan Procurement Management

11.1 Plan Risk

Management

10.1 Plan Communications

Management

9.1 Plan Resource

Management

8.1 Plan Quality

Management

7.1 Plan Cost

Management

6.1 Plan Schedule

Management

5.1 Plan Scope

Management

Duration

Estimates

Scope Statement

Activity List

Milestone List

Network

4.1 Develop Project Charter

Charter

Assumptions Log

Cost Baseline

Resource Requirements

RACI Team

Charter

Quality Mgt. Plan

Communications Matrix

Risk Register

Bid Documents Make or Buy

Analysis

6.5 Develop Schedule

Schedule Baseline

5.2 Collect Requirements

5.4 Create WBS

Scope

4.2 Develop Project Management Plan

Activities

9.2 Estimate Activity

Resources

11.2 Identify Risks

11.3 Perform Qualitative

Risk Analysis

11.4 Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis

11.5 Plan Risk

Responses

13.2 Plan Stakeholders Engagement

6.4 Estimate activity

Durations

7.3 Determine Budget

7.2 Estimate Costs

6.3 Sequence Activities

1.2 Foundational Elements

2.4 Organizational Systems

3.4 Project Manager Competencies Selecting Projects

Project Customer Tradeoff Matrix

Life Cycle and Development Approach Elevator Pitch

Leader Roles and Responsibilities Project Selection and Prioritization Matrix Project Resource Assignment Matrix

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11.6 Implement Risk Responses

13.3 Manage Stakeholder Engagement

13.4 Monitor Stakeholder Engagement

4.3 Direct and Manage Project Work

4.4 Manage Project Knowledge

Scope Baseline with WBS

Resource Histogram Project Crashing

Retrospectives

Closure Documents Customer Feedback Transition Plan

Scope Backlog

Burn Down/Up

Charts

Quality Reports

s Analysis

Realizing s

PM Plan Baselines Life Cycle and Development Approach 4.7 Close Project

or Phase

6.6 Control Schedule

Earned Value Analysis

7.4 Control Costs

5.6 Control Scope

5.5 Validate Scope

8.2 Manage Quality

9.3 Acquire Resources

9.4 Develop Team

9.6 Control Resources

9.5 Manage Team

8.3 Control Quality

Change Requests

10.2 Manage Communications

11.7 Monitor Risks

10.3 Monitor Communications

Team Assignments

Team Assessments

Agendas Minutes

Issues Log Meeting Evaluation Progress Report

12.2 Conduct Procurements

12.3 Control Procurements

Source Selection

Matrix

Lessons Learned Register

Quality Measurements

4.6 Perform Integrated

Change Control

4.5 Monitor and Control

Project Work

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Contents

Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xx About the Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxix

PART 1 Organizing Projects

CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Project Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1 What Is a Project? 3

1.2 History of Project Management 5

1.3 How Can Project Work Be Described? 6 1.3a Projects versus Operations 6 / 1.3b Soft Skills and Hard Skills 7 / 1.3c Authority

and Responsibility 7 / 1.3d Project Life Cycle 7

1.4 Understanding Projects 10 1.4a Project Management Institute 10 / 1.4b Project Management Body of Knowledge

(PMBOK®) 10 / 1.4c The PMI Talent Triangle 11 / 1.4d Selecting and Prioritizing Projects 14 / 1.4e Project Goals and Constraints 14 / 1.4f Defining Project Success and Failure 15 / 1.4g Using Microsoft Project to Help Plan and Measure Projects 16 / 1.4h Types of Projects 16 / 1.4i Scalability of Project Tools 17

1.5 Project Roles 17 1.5a Project Executive-Level Roles 18 / 1.5b Project Management-Level Roles 19 /

1.5c Project Associate-Level Roles 20

1.6 Overview of the Book 20 1.6a Part 1: Organizing and Initiating Projects 20 / 1.6b Part 2: Leading Projects 21 /

1.6c Part 3: Planning Projects 21 / 1.6d Part 4: Performing Projects 23

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 23

Summary 24

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 24

Chapter Review Questions 25

Discussion Questions 25

PMBOK® Guide Questions 26 Integrated Example Projects 27

Suburban Homes Construction Project 27

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 28

Semester Project Instructions 28

Project Management in Action 29

References 30

Endnotes 31

viii Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s).

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

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CHAPTER 2 Project Selection and Prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2.1 Strategic Planning Process 33

2.1a Strategic Analysis 33 / 2.1b Guiding Principles 34 / 2.1c Strategic Objectives 36 / 2.1d Flow-Down Objectives 37

2.2 Portfolio Management 37 2.2a Portfolios 38 / 2.2b Programs 39 / 2.2c Projects and Subprojects 39 /

2.2d Assessing an Organization’s Ability to Perform Projects 42 / 2.2e Identifying Potential Projects 42 / 2.2f Using a Cost-Benefit Analysis Model to Select Projects 43 / 2.2g Using a Scoring Model to Select Projects 45 / 2.2h Prioritizing Projects 48 / 2.2i Resourcing Projects 48

2.3 Securing Projects 49 2.3a Identify Potential Project Opportunities 50 / 2.3b Determine Which Opportunities to

Pursue 50 / 2.3c Prepare and Submit a Project Proposal 51 / 2.3d Negotiate to Secure the Project 51

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 52

Summary 52

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 52

Chapter Review Questions 53

Discussion Questions 53

PMBOK® Guide Questions 53 Exercises 54

Integrated Example Projects 55

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 56

Semester Project Instructions 56

Project Management in Action 57

References 58

Endnotes 59

CHAPTER 3 Chartering Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 3.1 What Is a Project Charter? 62

3.2 Why Is a Project Charter Used? 63

3.3 When Is a Charter Needed? 64

3.4 Typical Elements in a Project Charter 65 3.4a Title 65 / 3.4b Scope Overview 65 / 3.4c Business Case 66 /

3.4d Background 66 / 3.4e Milestone Schedule with Acceptance Criteria 66 / 3.4f Risks, Assumptions, and Constraints 67 / 3.4g Resource Estimates 69 / 3.4h Stakeholder List 69 / 3.4i Team Operating Principles 69 / 3.4j Lessons Learned 70 / 3.4k Signatures and Commitment 70

3.5 Constructing a Project Charter 70 3.5a Scope Overview and Business Case Instructions 70 / 3.5b Background

Instructions 71 / 3.5c Milestone Schedule with Acceptance Criteria Instructions 72 / 3.5d Risks, Assumptions, and Constraints Instructions 75 / 3.5e Resources Needed Instructions 75 / 3.5f Stakeholder List Instructions 75 /

Contents ix

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3.5g Team Operating Principles Instructions 77 / 3.5h Lessons Learned Instructions 77 / 3.5i Signatures and Commitment Instructions 78

3.6 Ratifying the Project Charter 79

3.7 Starting a Project Using Microsoft Project 79 3.7a MS Project 2016 Introduction 80 / 3.7b Setting up Your First Project 81 /

3.7c Define Your Project 82 / 3.7d Create a Milestone Schedule 83

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 88

Summary 88

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 88

Chapter Review Questions 89

Discussion Questions 89

PMBOK® Guide Questions 89 Exercises 90

Integrated Example Projects 91

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 93

Semester Project Instructions 93

Project Management in Action 93

References 96

Endnotes 97

PART 2 Leading Projects

CHAPTER 4 Organizational Capability: Structure, Culture, and Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 4.1 Types of Organizational Structures 103

4.1a Functional 103 / 4.1b Projectized 104 / 4.1c Matrix 105

4.2 Organizational Culture and Its Impact on Projects 109 4.2a Culture of the Parent Organization 110 / 4.2b Project Cultural Norms 111

4.3 Project Life Cycles 111 4.3a Define-Measure-Analyze-Improve-Control (DMAIC) Model 112 / 4.3b Research and

Development (R&D) Project Life Cycle Model 113 / 4.3c Construction Project Life Cycle Model 113 / 4.3d Agile Project Life Cycle Model 113

4.4 Agile Project Management 114 4.4a What Is Agile? 114 / 4.4b Why Use Agile? 114 / 4.4c What Is an Agile

Mindset? 114 / 4.4d What Are the Key Roles in Agile Projects? 115 / 4.4e How Do You Start an Agile Project? 115 / 4.4f How Do You Continue an Agile Project? 115 / 4.4g What Is Needed for Agile to Be Successful? 116

4.5 Traditional Project Executive Roles 116 4.5a Steering Team 116 / 4.5b Sponsor 117 / 4.5c Customer 119 / 4.5d Chief

Projects Officer/Project Management Office 121

4.6 Traditional Project Management Roles 121 4.6a Functional Manager 121 / 4.6b Project Manager 122 / 4.6c Facilitator 124

4.7 Traditional Project Team Roles 126 4.7a Core Team Members 126 / 4.7b Subject Matter Experts 126

x Contents

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4.8 Role Differences on Agile Projects 126

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 128

Summary 128

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 128

Chapter Review Questions 129

Discussion Questions 129

PMBOK® Guide Questions 129 Exercises 130

Integrated Example Projects 130

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 131

Semester Project Instructions 131

Project Management in Action 132

References 134

Endnotes 135

CHAPTER 5 Leading and Managing Project Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 5.1 Acquire Project Team 138

5.1a Preassignment of Project Team Members 139 / 5.1b Negotiation for Project Team Members 139 / 5.1c On-Boarding Project Team Members 140

5.2 Develop Project Team 141 5.2a Stages of Project Team Development 142 / 5.2b Characteristics of High-Performing

Project Teams 144 / 5.2c Assessing Individual Member Capability 147 / 5.2d Assessing Project Team Capability 148 / 5.2e Building Individual and Project Team Capability 150 / 5.2f Establishing Project Team Ground Rules 153

5.3 Manage Project Team 157 5.3a Project Manager Power and Leadership 157 / 5.3b Assessing Performance of

Individuals and Project Teams 159 / 5.3c Project Team Management Outcomes 159

5.4 Relationship Building Within the Core Team 160

5.5 Managing Project Conflicts 161 5.5a Sources of Project Conflict 162 / 5.5b Conflict-Resolution Process and

Styles 163 / 5.5c Negotiation 164

5.6 Communication Needs of Global and Virtual Teams 166 5.6a Virtual Teams 166 / 5.6b Cultural Differences 166 / 5.6c Countries and Project

Communication Preferences 167

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 167

Summary 168

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 168

Chapter Review Questions 168

Discussion Questions 169

PMBOK® Guide Questions 170 Integrated Example Projects 170

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 171

Semester Project Instructions 171

Contents xi

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Project Management in Action 172

References 174

Endnotes 175

CHAPTER 6 Stakeholder Analysis and Communication Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 6.1 Identify Stakeholders 178

6.1a Find Stakeholders 179 / 6.1b Analyze Stakeholders 180 / 6.1c Document Stakeholders 183

6.2 Plan Stakeholder Engagement 184 6.2a Creating a Stakeholder Engagement Assessment Matrix 184 / 6.2b Planning to Build

Relationships with Stakeholders 185

6.3 Manage Stakeholder Engagement 187

6.4 Monitor Stakeholder Engagement 188

6.5 Plan Communications Management 188 6.5a Purposes of a Project Communications Plan 188 / 6.5b Communications Plan

Considerations 189 / 6.5c Communications Matrix 191 / 6.5d Manage Project Knowledge 192

6.6 Manage Communications 193 6.6a Determine Project Information Needs 193 / 6.6b Establish Information Retrieval and

Distribution System 193 / 6.6c Project Meeting Management 194 / 6.6d Issues Management 197

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 199

Summary 199

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 200

Chapter Review Questions 200

Discussion Questions 200

PMBOK® Guide Questions 201 Integrated Example Projects 202

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 202

Semester Project Instructions 203

Project Management in Action 204

References 206

Endnotes 207

PART 3 Planning Projects

CHAPTER 7 Scope Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 7.1 Plan Scope Management 211

7.2 Collect Requirements 212 7.2a Gather Stakeholder Input and Needs 213

7.3 Define Scope 217 7.3a Reasons to Define Scope 217 / 7.3b How to Define Scope 217 / 7.3c Defining

Scope in Agile Projects 218

xii Contents

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7.4 Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) 220 7.4a What Is the WBS? 220 / 7.4b Why Use a WBS? 221 / 7.4c WBS

Formats 222 / 7.4d Work Packages 224 / 7.4e How to Construct a WBS 226

7.5 Establish Change Control 229

7.6 Using MS Project for Work Breakdown Structures (WBS) 232 7.6a Set Up a WBS in MS Project 232

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 237

Summary 239

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 239

Chapter Review Questions 239

Discussion Questions 239

PMBOK® Guide Questions 240 Exercises 241

Integrated Example Projects 241

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 242

Semester Project Instructions 242

Project Management in Action 242

References 243

CHAPTER 8 Scheduling Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 8.1 Plan Schedule Management 246

8.2 Purposes of a Project Schedule 247

8.3 Historical Development of Project Schedules 247

8.4 How Project Schedules Are Limited and Created 248

8.5 Define Activities 249

8.6 Sequence Activities 253 8.6a Leads and Lags 254 / 8.6b Alternative Dependencies 255

8.7 Estimate Activity Duration 255 8.7a Problems and Remedies in Duration Estimating 256 / 8.7b Learning Curves 258

8.8 Develop Project Schedules 259 8.8a Two-Pass Method 259 / 8.8b Enumeration Method 263

8.9 Uncertainty in Project Schedules 264 8.9a Program Evaluation and Review Technique 265 / 8.9b Monte Carlo Simulation 266

8.10 Show the Project Schedule on a Gantt Chart 268

8.11 Using Microsoft Project for Critical Path Schedules 268 8.11a Set up the Project Schedule 269 / 8.11b Build the Network Diagram and Identify

the Critical Path 270

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 275

Summary 276

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 276

Chapter Review Questions 277

Discussion Questions 277

Contents xiii

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Exercises 278

PMBOK® Guide Questions 280 Integrated Example Projects 281

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 281

Semester Project Instructions 283

Project Management in Action 283

References 284

Endnotes 285

CHAPTER 9 Resourcing Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 9.1 Abilities Needed When Resourcing Projects 288

9.1a The Science and Art of Resourcing Projects 288 / 9.1b Considerations When Resourcing Projects 288 / 9.1c Activity- versus Resource-Dominated Schedules 289

9.2 Estimate Resource Needs 290

9.3 Plan Resource Management 290 9.3a Identify Potential Resources 291 / 9.3b Determine Resource Availability 293 /

9.3c Decide Timing Issues When Resourcing Projects 294

9.4 Project Team Composition Issues 295 9.4a Cross-Functional Teams 295 / 9.4b Co-Located Teams 295 / 9.4c Virtual

Teams 295 / 9.4d Outsourcing 295

9.5 Assign a Resource to Each Activity 296 9.5a Show Resource Responsibilities on RACI Chart 297 / 9.5b Show Resource

Assignments on Gantt Chart 297 / 9.5c Summarize Resource Responsibilities by Time Period with Histogram 297

9.6 Dealing with Resource Overloads 300 9.6a Methods of Resolving Resource Overloads 300

9.7 Compress the Project Schedule 303 9.7a Actions to Reduce the Critical Path 303 / 9.7b Crashing 304 / 9.7c Fast

Tracking 307

9.8 Alternative Scheduling Methods 309 9.8a Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM) 309 / 9.8b Reverse Phase

Schedules 310 / 9.8c Rolling Wave Planning 310 / 9.8d Agile Project Planning 310 / 9.8e Auto/Manual Scheduling 310

9.9 Using MS Project for Resource Allocation 311 9.9a Step 1: Defining Resources 311 / 9.9b Step 2: Set Up a Resource Calendar 312 /

9.9c Step 3: Assigning Resources 312 / 9.9d Step 4: Finding Overallocated Resources 315 / 9.9e Step 5: Dealing with Overallocations 316 / 9.9f Crashing a Critical Path Activity 317

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 319

Summary 319

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 320

Chapter Review Questions 320

Discussion Questions 320

PMBOK® Guide Questions 321 Exercises 322

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Integrated Example Projects 324

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 324

Semester Project Instructions 325

Project Management in Action 325

References 327

Endnote 327

CHAPTER 10 Budgeting Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328 10.1 Plan Cost Management 329

10.2 Estimate Cost 330 10.2a Types of Cost 331 / 10.2b Accuracy and Timing of Cost Estimates 334 /

10.2c Methods of Estimating Costs 335 / 10.2d Project Cost Estimating Issues 338

10.3 Determine Budget 342 10.3a Aggregating Costs 342 / 10.3b Analyzing Reserve Needs 342 /

10.3c Determining Cash Flow 344

10.4 Establishing Cost Control 345

10.5 Using MS Project for Project Budgets 345 10.5a Developing a Bottom-Up Project Budget Estimate 345 / 10.5b Develop Summary

Project Budget 347

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 349

Summary 349

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 350

Chapter Review Questions 350

Discussion Questions 350

PMBOK® Guide Questions 351 Exercises 352

Integrated Example Projects 353

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 354

Semester Project Instructions 354

Project Management in Action 354

References 356

Endnotes 356

CHAPTER 11 Project Risk Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358 11.1 Plan Risk Management 360

11.1a Roles and Responsibilities 362 / 11.1b Categories and Definitions 362

11.2 Identify Risks 366 11.2a Information Gathering 366 / 11.2b Reviews 367 / 11.2c Understanding

Relationships 368 / 11.2d Risk Register 368

11.3 Risk Analysis 368 11.3a Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis 368 / 11.3b Perform Quantitative Risk

Analysis 372 / 11.3c Risk Register Updates 373

Contents xv

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11.4 Plan Risk Responses 373 11.4a Strategies for Responding to Risks 373 / 11.4b Risk Register Updates 377

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 377

Summary 378

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 378

Chapter Review Questions 379

Discussion Questions 379

PMBOK® Guide Questions 379 Exercises 380

Integrated Example Projects 381

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 381

Semester Project Instructions 382

Project Management in Action 382

References 384

Endnotes 384

CHAPTER 12 Project Quality Planning and Project Kickoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386 12.1 Development of Contemporary Quality Concepts 388

12.1a Quality Gurus 388 / 12.1b Total Quality Management/Malcolm Baldrige 389 / 12.1c ISO 9001:2008 390 / 12.1d Lean Six Sigma 390

12.2 Core Project Quality Concepts 392 12.2a Stakeholder Satisfaction 393 / 12.2b Process Management 394 / 12.2c Fact-

Based Management 396 / 12.2d Fact-Based Project Management Example 398 / 12.2e Empowered Performance 399 / 12.2f Summary of Core Concepts 400

12.3 Plan Quality Management 401 12.3a Quality Policy 401 / 12.3b Quality Management Plan Contents 403 /

12.3c Quality Baseline 404 / 12.3d Process Improvement Plan 404

12.4 Manage Quality 404

12.5 Control Quality 406

12.6 Cost of Quality 409

12.7 Develop Project Management Plan 409 12.7a Resolve Conflicts 409 / 12.7b Establish Configuration Management 410 /

12.7c Apply Sanity Tests to All Project Plans 410

12.8 Kickoff Project 410 12.8a Preconditions to Meeting Success 411 / 12.8b Meeting Activities 411

12.9 Baseline and Communicate Project Management Plan 413

12.10 Using MS Project for Project Baselines 413 12.10a Baseline the Project Plan 413 / 12.10b Create the First Time Baseline 414 /

12.10c Subsequent Baselines 414 / 12.10d Viewing Baselines and Variances 415

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 416

Summary 417

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 417

Chapter Review Questions 418

xvi Contents

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Discussion Questions 418

PMBOK® Guide Questions 418 Exercises 419

Integrated Example Projects 420

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 420

Semester Project Instructions 420

Project Management in Action 421

References 423

Endnotes 424

PART 4 Performing Projects

CHAPTER 13 Project Supply Chain Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426 13.1 Introduction to Project Supply Chain Management 428

13.1a SCM Components 430 / 13.1b SCM Factors 430 / 13.1c SCM Decisions 430 / 13.1d Project Procurement Management Processes 431

13.2 Plan Procurement Management 431 13.2a Outputs of Planning 431 / 13.2b Make-or-Buy Decisions 432

13.3 Conduct Procurements 434 13.3a Sources for Potential Suppliers 434 / 13.3b Approaches Used When Evaluating

Prospective Suppliers 435 / 13.3c Supplier Selection 436

13.4 Contract Types 438 13.4a Fixed-Price Contracts 439 / 13.4b Cost-Reimbursable Contracts 440 /

13.4c Time and Material (T&M) Contracts 440

13.5 Control Procurements 441

13.6 Improving Project Supply Chains 441 13.6a Project Partnering and Collaboration 442 / 13.6b Third Parties 447 / 13.6c Lean

Purchasing 447 / 13.6d Sourcing 447 / 13.6e Logistics 447 / 13.6f Information 448

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 448

Summary 448

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 449

Chapter Review Questions 449

Discussion Questions 449

PMBOK® Guide Questions 450 Exercises 451

Integrated Example Projects 451

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 452

Semester Project Instructions 452

Project Management in Action 452

References 453

Endnotes 454

Contents xvii

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CHAPTER 14 Determining Project Progress and Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456 14.1 Project Balanced Scorecard Approach 458

14.2 Internal Project Issues 459 14.2a Direct and Manage Project Work 459 / 14.2b Monitor and Control Project

Work 460 / 14.2c Monitoring Project Risk 463 / 14.2d Implement Risk Responses 464 / 14.2e Manage Communications 465 / 14.2f Monitor Communications 467

14.3 Customer Issues 469 14.3a Manage and Control Quality 469 / 14.3b Control Scope 475

14.4 Financial Issues 476 14.4a Control Resources 476 / 14.4b Control Schedule and Costs 476 / 14.4c Earned

Value Management for Controlling Schedule and Costs 476

14.5 Using MS Project to Monitor and Control Projects 480 14.5a What Makes a Schedule Useful? 480 / 14.5b How MS Project Recalculates the

Schedule Based on Reported Actuals 481 / 14.5c Current and Future Impacts of Time and Cost Variance 481 / 14.5d Define the Performance Update Process 481 / 14.5e Steps to Update the Project Schedule 482

14.6 Replanning If Necessary 487

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 488

Summary 488

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 488

Chapter Review Questions 489

Discussion Questions 489

PMBOK® Guide Questions 490 Exercises 491

Integrated Example Projects 492

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 493

Semester Project Instructions 493

Project Management in Action 494

References 496

Endnotes 497

CHAPTER 15 Finishing the Project and Realizing the Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 15.1 Validate Scope 500

15.2 Terminate Projects Early 501

15.3 Close Project 503 15.3a Write Transition Plan 503 / 15.3b Knowledge Management 504 / 15.3c Create

the Closeout Report 508

15.4 Post-Project Activities 509 15.4a Reassign Workers 509 / 15.4b Celebrate Success and Reward Participants 509 /

15.4c Provide Ongoing Support 510 / 15.4d Ensure Project Benefits Are Realized 510

xviii Contents

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15.5 Using MS Project for Project Closure 511 15.5a Creating Project Progress Reports 511 / 15.5b Archiving Project Work 512

PMP/CAPM Study Ideas 515

Summary 515

Key Terms Consistent with PMI Standards and Guides 515

Chapter Review Questions 515

Discussion Questions 516

PMBOK® Guide Questions 516 Exercise 517

Integrated Example Projects 517

Casa DE PAZ Development Project 518

Semester Project Instructions 518

Project Management in Action 518

References 520

Endnotes 521

Appendix A PMP and CAPM Exam Prep Suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522 Appendix B Agile Differences Covered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527 Appendix C Answers to Selected Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532 Appendix D Project Deliverables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537 Appendix E Strengths Themes As Used in Project Management . . . . [Available Online] Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539

Contents xix

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Preface

While project managers today still need to use many techniques that have stood the test of several decades, they increasingly also must recognize the business need for a project, sort through multiple conflicting stakeholder demands. They must know how to deal with rapid change, a myriad of communication issues, global and virtual project teams, modern approaches to quality improvement, when to tailor their project management approach to include methods and behaviors from Agile, and many other issues that are more challenging than those in projects of the past.

Contemporary project management utilizes the tried-and-true project management techniques along with modern improvements such as the most current versions of Micro- soft® Project Professional 2016, the sixth edition of the Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), and many approaches derived from adaptive (Agile) project management. Contemporary project management also uses many tools and understandings that come from modern approaches to quality and communications, expanded role definitions, leadership principles, human strengths, and many other sources. Contemporary project management is scalable, using simple versions of impor- tant techniques on small projects and more involved versions on more complex projects.

Distinctive Approach This book covers contemporary project management topics using contemporary project management methods. For example, when considering the topic of dealing with multiple stakeholders, every chapter was reviewed by students, practitioners, and academics. This allowed simultaneous consideration of student learning, practitioner realism, and aca- demic research and teaching perspectives.

The practical examples and practitioner reviewers came from a variety of industries, dif- ferent parts of the world, and from many sizes and types of projects in order to emphasize the scalability and universality of contemporary project management techniques.

New to This Edition Core, behavioral, and technical learning objectives. We have expanded the number of learning objectives and classified them as core, behavioral, or technical. About half of the objectives are core: what we believe every student of project management should learn. A professor could teach a solid project management introductory class by deeply using only the core objectives. On the other hand, there are measurable student objectives for either a behavioral or a technical approach. All suggested stu- dent assignments and questions are tied specifically to one of the learning objectives. A professor could use this text for a two-semester sequence that emphasizes both in- depth behavioral and technical approaches. Videos. Exclusively available to those using the MindTap product for this book, we have created dozens of short (average time, five minutes) videos to show the art of many of the techniques. These demonstrate the use of many of the techniques in a by-hand or spreadsheet fashion as well as using Microsoft Project 2016. Several questions that can be assigned to students are included with the videos that

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demonstrate how to use Microsoft Project to complement learning. Answers (some- times definitive, sometimes representative, depending on the nature of the tech- nique) are included in the instructor’s manual (IM). Extensive flowchart to help the sixth edition of the PMBOK® Guide come to life. All sixth edition PMBOK® Guide knowledge areas, processes, and process groups, plus major deliverables from each process and the primary workflows between them, are specifically included in an interactive, color-coded flowchart that is included in full inside the back cover of the text. We also start each chapter by showing the portion of the flowchart that is covered in that chapter. We now use definitions both from the PMBOK® Guide, Sixth Edition and also from more than a dozen Project Management Institute specialized Practice Guides and Standards. The end of each chapter contains specific suggestions for PMP® and CAPM® test preparation pertaining to the chapter’s topics plus ten PMBOK® Guide-type ques- tions that are typical of what would be seen on PMP® and CAPM® exams. Appendix A gives general study suggestions for the CAPM® and PMP® exams. Project deliverables. A list of 38 project deliverables that can be used as assignments for students and in-class exercises are included in Appendix D. Each deliverable is specifically tied to a student learning objective and shown on the PMBOK® Guide flowchart. About half of these are core, while the others are behavioral or technical. Examples of completed deliverables are included in the text. Teaching suggestions and grading rubrics are included in the IM. Appendix D identifies the type of objec- tive, chapter covered, and PMBOK® Guide process, knowledge area, and process group in which the deliverable is typically created on a real project. Substantial increase in Agile coverage. Agile techniques and methods are consid- ered much more often than even three years ago. As such, many experienced project managers who have also become Agile proponents have contributed to the increased Agile coverage in this book. At multiple points in most chapters, if Agile methods or suggested behaviors are different from traditional project management, these varia- tions are noted. We use an Agile icon to draw attention to these. We also have cre- ated Appendix B, which is a bulleted list of the approximately 180 differences between Agile and traditional project management that are discussed in the book. This extensive coverage allows a professor to teach project management emphasizing an Agile approach, if desired. It also allows a professor to develop an Agile project management course. Two new continuing project examples. We have created two project examples that are included in all 15 chapters of the text. One project is a construction project by a for-profit company that is planned and managed in a traditional fashion. The other is a development project at a nonprofit that is planned and managed in a more (but not exclusively) Agile fashion. In Chapter 1, we introduce both these case studies. After that, we alternate chapters, with each chapter showing what one project did using the concepts and techniques of a chapter and posing questions for the stu- dents to answer about the other project. Answers to the questions are in the IM. This can be another useful vehicle for students to practice their skills and to generate class discussion.