Choose an event in an ongoing conflict and explain main reasons for this event. Place your explanation in a theoretical context using conflict theories and compare the event to a similar event from another conflict. What policy recommendations would you suggest to the leaders of adversaries to avoid similar events in the future?

General: A cover sheet includes all necessary details: course number, course name, student name, date the paper is submitted. The paper meets the word limit. All sections in the paper have subtitles. References follow Chicago Manual of Style. All literature items used in the paper have references. The work is written in language accessible for non-experts in conflicts. The work is written in a plain and respectful language. There are smooth transitions between sections and from one sentence to the other. The work is written in a neutral language without taking sides. When information is contradictory (e.g. different information is provided by different actors in the event), mention this implicitly and provide reference to sources describing the perspectives of each side. All pieces of evidence (e.g. number of casualties) should be cross-checked and supported by references to several sources. When relevant, cite leaders’ speeches, official documents, official data or any other relevant primary sources to substantiate your argument (15%). Section 1. Describe and explain a conflict event: (a) Choose a conflict that interests you most. In that conflict, choose and briefly describe an event that puzzles you most. In the description, mention what happened, when, where, and who were the actors involved. (b) What is the main reason for this event? Explain why this reason is the primary reason for the event and how it caused, or triggered, that event. Provide a clear argument of why the reason you suggest is more relevant in the case of the event analyzed than other potential reasons. Refer to at least two other potential explanation in your answer. Each of the reasons suggested and examined should be clearly linked to the theoretical literature on conflicts and should engage with the readings of the course (suggested length 1.5 pages, but no more than 800 words; 30%)

Section 2. Place the event into a comparative context. Choose and briefly describe a similar event from another conflict. What is the main reason for that second event? Compare the main reasons of the two events – what is similar and what is different? Are the alternative potential reasons for conflict suggested in previous section more relevant for explaining the onset of the second event than of the first event? Link your discussion to the theoretical literature on conflicts and engage with the readings of the course. Based on your comparison of the reasons of the events, can the knowledge about one conflict event enhance our understanding of the similar event in another conflict? Suggest at least one advantage and at least one disadvantage of making parallels about similar events from different conflicts. (suggested length 1.5 pages, but no more than 800 words; 35%) Section 3 Conclusion and policy recommendations. Imagine that you are a security adviser to the leader of one of the actors involved in the first event you analyzed (you can choose any actor, including third party). What policy actions would you recommend to your leader in order to prevent recurrence of a similar event in the future? Suggest at least one policy action of “do” and one policy action of “do not do”. Make clear link to theoretical literature and to your analysis in previous sections to substantiate your policy recommendations. Would your policy recommendations change when you make the parallels with the similar event from another conflict (event 2 in your analysis above)? Explain how and why? (suggested length 1 page, but no more than 500 words; 20%)