Business Ethics Exam

Business Ethics Exam

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BMGT 496 – Exam (25%)

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Step 1:  Read the instructions to understand what is required 

You are responsible for reading the instructions below prior to starting the exam to understanding the requirements and expectations of completing the exam.  You are expected to use the course materials to support the ideas and reasoning presented.

Step 2:  Instructions

You have between Wednesday 12:00 a.m. and Saturday, 11:59 p.m. eastern time to complete the final exam.  There is a 30 minute-grace period.  If the exam is turned in after the due date, the Late Assignment policy applies.  No exam will be accepted after 11:59 p.m. eastern time on the last day of class.

You will answer in a question-answer format (only the question number as a heading and not the scenario).  For each of the following questions, prepare a response that addresses all questions asked, fully supported with concepts from the course materials including the course eBook.  You are required to draw from the course materials unless indicated.  All source materials must be properly cited using APA.   Not using the course materials will negatively impact the grade. 

Step 3:  Answer the following questions using the course materials to support the reasoning.

QUESTION 1 Environmental Issues

The text, Business Ethics, Chapter 14 provides several models and frameworks for a business approach to the environment and sustainability including;

· accelerate and innovate

· monetize and count

· express corporate responsibility

 

Using the perspective of a business owner of a mid-size manufacturer, select the approach/approaches you would recommend for this company (mid-size manufacturer).  Support the selection by explaining the approach, describing which of the five (5) environmental positions you espouse, and how the approach and positions relate to key ethical theories we have studied.

QUESTION 2  Data Security

For this question, please select one of the breaches listed in the Business Insider Biggest Hacks article, research it (beyond the Business Insider article), and prepare your response to the following questions.

Business Insider Biggest Data Hacks of 2018

https://www.businessinsider.com/data-hacks-breaches-biggest-of-2018-2018-12

 

1. Discuss the nature of the breach in terms of WHO was harmed.   Use a stakeholder orientation as we studied to evaluate the harmed.

2. Define and explain the overarching ethical issues demonstrated by the data breaches.   Refer to our course text to define the issues.  Explain how such breaches prevail?

3. Discuss the level of governance that you espouse for the industry?  Be sure to support your position with  information from our course learning  and other well researched reliable sources.

QUESTION 3  Government Regulation

The two (2) crashes of Boeing Airlines’ 737 Max 8 present an opportunity for examining the interaction of regulators (Government), industry and society.  The ongoing examination of the crashes include investigation of the Boeing/FAA relationship and the role of regulators including whether the airline manufacturing industry can / should self-govern.  The following articles provide background information on the Boeing Airlines case.

How Did the F.A.A. Allow the Boeing 737 Max to Fly? | The New Yorker www.newyorker.com Retrieve April 17 from: https://www.newyorker.com/news/our-columnists/how-did-the-faa-allow-the-boeing-737-max-to-fly

Boeing’s Not Alone In Companies That Government Agencies Have Let Self-Regulate | NPR Heard on All Things Considered  Retrieved May 20 from: https://www.npr.org/2019/04/02/709203191/boeings-not-alone-in-companies-that-government-agencies-have-let-self-regulate

For this question, you will consider the relationship of Government, Business and Society and specifically the concept of Government Regulation of Business, using the Boeing case presented as an example.  SELECT A POSITION ON THE REGULATION CONTINUUM AS DEMONSTRATED BELOW.

Continuum

1. Define and discuss the type of regulation espoused using concepts from the eBook and examples from the case to support your recommendations. When referring to a concept, you must include the definition from the eBook to establish its meaning.

2. Applying the regulation continuum selection and reasoning as a guide, answer the following specific questions.

· Explain the arguments for and against airline manufacturers being allowed to self-regulate airplane’s safety testing and features? Which arguments support your position on the continuum?

· Explain the arguments for privately owned companies being allowed to lobby against safety regulations? Which arguments support your position on the continuum?

· What examples, beyond Boeing support your selection and recommendations?  Be specific.   This question will require research.

Step 4:  Review the Exam

Read the paper to ensure all required elements are present.  Use the grading rubric to ensure that you gain the most points possible for this assignment.

Proofread the paper for spelling and grammatical issues, and third person writing.

· Read the paper aloud as a first measure;

· Use the spell and grammar check in Word as a second measure.

Step 5:  Submit the exam in the Assignment Folder (The exam submitted to the Assignment Folder will be considered the student’s final product and therefore ready for grading by the instructor.  It is incumbent upon the student to verify the assignment is the correct submission.  No exceptions will be considered by the instructor).

How to Set Up the Exam

Create a Word or Rich Text Format (RTF) document that is double-spaced, 12-point font.  The final product will cover all questions provided and should not exceed 5 pages in length excluding the title page and reference page.  Write clearly and concisely with complete sentences and indented paragraphs.

Completing the Exam

In order to complete this exam, you will want to first read the module, Learn How to Support What You Write, as this assignment requires you to use the course material and research to support what you write.  Also,

· Read and use the grading rubric while completing the exam to ensure all requirements are met that will lead to the highest possible grade.

· Third person writing is required.  Third person means that there are no words such as “I, me, my, we, or us” (first person writing), nor is there use of “you or your” (second person writing).  If uncertain how to write in the third person, view this link:  http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/first-second-and-third-person.

· Contractions are not used in business writing, so do not use them.

· Paraphrase and do not use direct quotation marks.  Paraphrase means you do not use more than four consecutive words from a source document.  Instead put a passage from a source document into your own words and attribute the passage to the source document.  Not using direct quotation marks means that there should be no passages with quotation marks and instead the source material is paraphrased as stated above.  Note that a reference within a reference list cannot exist without an associated in-text citation and vice versa.   You may not use more than four consecutive words from a source document, as doing so would require direct quotation marks.  Changing words from a passage does not exclude the passage from having quotation marks.   If more than four consecutive words are used from source documents, this material will not be included in the grade and could lead to allegations of academic dishonesty.

· You are expected to use the weekly course materials to develop the analysis and support the reasoning.   Materials used from a source document must be cited and referenced.  A reference within a reference list cannot exist without an associated in-text citation and vice versa.  Changing words from a passage does not exclude the passage from having quotation marks.   If more than four consecutive words are used from source documents, this material will not be included in the grade and could lead to allegations of academic dishonesty.

· Use in-text citations and provide a reference list that contains the reference associated with each in-text citation.

· The only book you may use is the course eBook.  You may not use a dictionary or Wikipedia, or Encyclopedias.

· Provide the page or paragraph number in every in-text citation presented.  If the eBook does not have pages, provide the chapter title and topic heading. Note that this is not an APA requirement but an Attention to Instructions requirement.

Self-Plagiarism: Self-plagiarism is the act of reusing significant, identical or nearly identical portions of one’s own work.  You cannot re-use any portion of a paper or other graded work that was submitted to another class even if you are retaking this course.   You also will not reuse any portion of previously submitted work in this class.  A zero will be assigned to the assignment if self-plagiarized.  Faculty do not have the discretion to accept self-plagiarized work.

NOTE:  All submitted work is to be your original work. You may not use any work from another student, the Internet or an online clearinghouse.  You are expected to understand the Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism Policy and know that it is your responsibility to learn about instructor and general academic expectations to proper citation of sources as specified in the APA Publication Manual, 6th Ed. (Students are held accountable for in-text citations and an associated reference list only).  Serious sanctions can result from violations of any type of the Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism including a zero on a project, a zero for the course or dismissal from the University.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEEKLY SOURCES:

Week 1

Read/View:

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

Chapter 1: What Is Business Ethics? (pages 4-32)

· Ethical Issues, Ethical Dilemmas, & Legal Issues

Theme 2: Why Ethics Matters? 

· Culture: The Key to Corporate Governance

· Corporate culture: The second ingredient in a world-class ethics and compliance program

· The Firm’s Stakeholders

 

Week 2

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

· Chapter 3: Theories of Consequence Ethics: Traditional Tools for Making Decisions in Business When the Ends Justify the Means (pages 91-125)

· Utilitarianism

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

· Chapter 4: Theories Responding to the Challenge of Cultural Relativism (pages 137-176)

· Aristotle & Virtue Theory

· Kantian Ethics in a Nutshell: The Moral Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

[For additional information on ethical theories, see Course Resources under Content]

Theme 2:  Ethical Issues Surrounding Banking & Investment Activity

· The two-year Wells Fargo horror story just won’t end

· Tippee Insider Trading after Newman and Salman : Why Knowledge Is Not Always Your

· U.S. Supreme Court Clarifies Standards for “Tippee” Insider Trading Liability

· 60 Minutes Flash Boys – High Frequency Trading

· Socially-Responsible Investing for Long Term Safety and Returns: Tom Van Dyck at TEDxNewWallStreet

· Why Creating Wealth Is Not Exploitative

· What’s in a Name? Regulation Best Interest v. Fiduciary

 

 

Week 3

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

· Chapter 3: Theories of Consequence Ethics: Traditional Tools for Making Decisions in Business When the Ends Justify the Means (pages 91-125)

· Utilitarianism

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

· Chapter 4: Theories Responding to the Challenge of Cultural Relativism (pages 137-176)

· Aristotle & Virtue Theory

· Kantian Ethics in a Nutshell: The Moral Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

[For additional information on ethical theories, see Course Resources under Content]

Theme 2:  Ethical Issues Surrounding Banking & Investment Activity

· The two-year Wells Fargo horror story just won’t end

· Tippee Insider Trading after Newman and Salman : Why Knowledge Is Not Always Your

· U.S. Supreme Court Clarifies Standards for “Tippee” Insider Trading Liability

· 60 Minutes Flash Boys – High Frequency Trading

· Socially-Responsible Investing for Long Term Safety and Returns: Tom Van Dyck at TEDxNewWallStreet

· Why Creating Wealth Is Not Exploitative

· What’s in a Name? Regulation Best Interest v. Fiduciary

 

Week 4

Week 4:  Patents and the Pharmaceutical Industry, Products of Liability & the Role of Whistleblowers

Theme 1:  Pharmaceutical Industry

· The Importance of Patents: It Pays to Know Patent Rules

· Why Patent Protection In The Drug Industry Is Out Of Control

· Is a Patent a Monopoly? —Antitrust Considerations

· First-To-File Patent Law Is Imminent, But What Will It Mean?

Theme 2: Products of Liability

· The Danger Of Loosely Regulated Supplements

· Unregulated supplements send thousands to hospital each year

· The ethics of global clinical trials In developing countries, participation in clinical trials is sometimes the only way to access medical treatment. What should be done to avoid exploitation of disad

· IRB Considerations for Investigator – Initiated Research

· Supreme Court lets pay-to-delay ruling against pharma stand

· Appendix K Antibiotics In Animal Feeds

· Ethical dimensions of the prescription opioid abuse crisis

· The War on Opioids: An Ethical Perspective

Theme 3:  Whistleblowing

· What’s Ethical About Whistleblowing?

· 5 famous whistleblowers who risked everything

· Our Successful Whistleblower Cases

 

 

 

Week 5

Week 5: Marketing, Brand Protection, Food Production, Agribusiness & Obesity

Theme 1Ethical Issues Related to Marketing

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

Chapter 12: The Selling Office: Advertising and Consumer Protection (pages 529-566)

Offensive/Exploitive/Insensitive/Violent—short of illegal

· The Most Offensive Urban Outfitters Products to Ever Exist

· Sorry About That: Wells Fargo to End Ads Suggesting Science Over Arts

· Update: Hyundai Apologizes For Car Ad Depicting Attempted Suicide

· Ikea apologises over removal of women from Saudi Arabia catalogue

False Claims to Making One Healthier, Richer, Younger–illegal

· 14 False Advertising Scandals That Cost Brands Millions

· Controversial Lollipop Ad Goes Up in Times Square

· FTC to Crack Down on Deceptive Weight-Loss Ads

· The fall of “anti-aging” skin care

· FTC Action Puts Deceptive Marketer Out of the Debt Relief Business

· Federal Trade Commission Act Section 5: Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices

Exploitive/Dangerous to Children & Vulnerable Populations

· Exploitative Advertising Campaigns are Targeting our Children

· Monster drinks: Are the energy drinks marketed to children?

· E-Cigarette Ads Target Millions of Kids, CDC Says

· Study eyes candy-flavored e-cigarette ads targeted to kids

Stealth Advertising/Conflicts of Interest/Biased Reviewers

· Astroturfing: Government shills are flooding the web

· The Never-Ending War on Fake Reviews

· The Real Problem with Mommy Bloggers

Theme 2:  Ethical Issues Related to Brand Protection

Controversial Ingredients and Testing of Ingredients

· Controversial caffeinated products

· 5 Lessons Learned From Mattel’s Lead Paint Crisis

· Doing Well By Doing Good

· Choking Hazards: Are Current Product Testing Methods for Small Parts Adequate?

· Animal Antibiotics

Assembly & Manufacturing Problems

· An Empirical Examination of a Multinational Ethical Dilemma: The Issue of Child Labor

· Ethical diamonds: What Conscientious Consumers Need to Know

· Conflict Minerals and Firms’ Ignorance Over Their Supply Chains

Consumer Privacy

· Tim Cook to talk consumer privacy and data ethics at European data protection conference later this month

Pricing

· Uber’s Surge Pricing: Is it Ethical?

Theme 3:  Ethical Issues Related to Food & Drink Production

· At sentencing, cantaloupe growers apologize for deadly listeria outbreak

· For first time, company owner faces life sentence for food poisoning outbreak

· Business Ethics Alive: Blue Bell vs Peanut Corporation of America

· 2.5 million pounds of taquitos recalled for salmonella, listeria concerns

 

Week 6

Week 6: Emerging Technologies, Data Protection & Privacy 

Theme 1:  Emerging Technology

· Jennifer Golbeck The curly fry conundrum Why social media likes say more than you might think

· Bias already exists in search engine results, and it’s only going to get worse

· Facebook has revealed the hyper-specific internal rules it uses to police content

· Net neutrality rules are likely doomed, but the debate isn’t going away

· California is on the verge of passing a sweeping new online privacy law targeting Facebook, Google and other tech giants

Theme 2:  Data Protection

· The Complicated Ethics of Data-Breach Disclosure

· Equifax Breach Exposed More Consumer Data Than First Disclosed

· The cost of data security: Are cybersecurity investments worth it?

· The ethics of Hacking 101

· US v Europe – a cultural gap on the right to be forgotten

· Tracking The Trackers

· What happens to your digital assets when you die?

Theme 3:  Privacy

· Technology as a Threat to Privacy: Ethical Challenges to the Information Profession

· FDA medical device plan zeros in on cybersecurity, public-private partnership

· Ethics and advanced medical devices: Do we need a new approach?

Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights—not the law

· European Union hits Google with record $5 billion fine in Android antitrust case

· The 10 Largest Data Security Breaches of 2018 (So Far)

 

Week 7

Week 7:  Environmental Issues

Theme 1:  Ethical Issues Related to the Environment

The Business Ethics Workshop (2012) Washington, DC: The Saylor Foundation

· Chapter 14: The Green Office: Economics and the Environment (pages 627-664)

· What is Environmental History

· Environmental Ethics?

· Perdue Farms Changes Rules for Chicken Care

· When some US firms move production overseas, they also offshore their pollution

· Fracking Is Dangerous To Your Health — Here’s Why

· Global Scarcity: Scramble for Dwindling Natural Resources

· The Needs of 7 Billion People

· Deforestation: Facts, Causes & Effects

· Environmental Racism

Theme 2:  Sustainable Business Practices

· Stepping Towards Sustainable Business: An Evaluation of Waste Minimization Practices in US Manufacturing

· A Corporate Model of Sustainable Business Practices

· Environmental Sustainability in Business

 

 

Week 8

Week 8:  Global Business Issues

Theme 1: Global Business Ethics

· Global Business Ethics

Theme 2: Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

· US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) Summary

· US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) Full Text

· The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: An Overview

Sub Theme 1:  Operating in China

· The Ten Principles For Doing Business In China

· A Pocket Guide to Doing Business in China

· The Compromises That Companies Make to Do Business in China

Sub Theme 2:  Operating in India

· Doing Business in India

· How To Do Business In India

· 20 Essential Tips for Doing Business with India

Sub Theme 3:  Operating in Latin America

· Doing Business in Latin America

· What are the top risks to doing business in Latin America?

· Doing Business in Latin America Handbook

Sub Theme 4:  Operating in Russia

· Comparing Business Ethics in Russia to the US

· Navigating the Complexities of Doing Business in Russia

· Overseas Business Risk – Russia

Sub Theme 5:  Operating in Africa

· 16 Challenges of Doing Business in Africa… Oh Man!

· Ethical challenges for South African business – Mark Lamberti

· Business in Africa: The risks, rewards And challenges

· Role of Government in Regulating Business Ethics

· The Ethics of Redistribution